date(s):
ca.1870-2005
creator(s):
St. Louis Public Schools (Saint Louis, Mo.)
subject(s):
School buildings; Education; Public schools; Students; School employees
place(s):
St. Louis, MO, USA; Missouri, USA; United States
type(s):
Photograph; Negative; Snapshot; Lantern slide; Slide; Scrapbook; Photograph album; Collection
P0900 St. Louis Public Schools Photograph Collection Guide to the St. Louis Public Schools Photograph Collection P0900 EAD by Amanda Claunch using ArchivesSpace Missouri Historical Society, Photographs and Prints Department 2017 Library and Research Center 225 South Skinker Boulevard St. Louis, MO 63105 photo@mohistory.org URL: This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on 2018-09-28 06:25:08 -0500 . English Describing Archives: A Content Standard English Missouri Historical Society, Photographs and Prints Department St. Louis Public Schools Photograph Collection St. Louis Public Schools (Saint Louis, Mo.) P0900 68.7 Cubic Feet (165 boxes) ca.1870-2005 English; no language Photograph ; Negative ; Snapshot ; Lantern slide ; Slide ; Scrapbook ; Photograph album Processing Information Processed by Sabrina Gorse and Kristina Perez, 2016-2017 Donor Information Collection donated by Special Administrative Board of the Transitional District of the City of St. Louis in 2016. Scope and Contents The collection is divided into ten series: Activity Negatives, Photographs by Subject, Community Information Department, Audiovisual Services Slides, Susan J. Abernathy Scrapbooks, Southwest High School Library Transparencies, Library Services Scrapbook, School Partnership Program Photos/Slides, Samuel Shepard Photo Collection, Albums/Visual Material by Schools/Groups. The Activity Negatives Series, c.1904-2005, consists primarily of original photographic negatives arranged chronologically and created by a series of unknown photographers. The materials document the schools, organizations, and educational and professional activities in the St. Louis Public Schools. 91 boxes - dating between 1904 to May 1952 - have been processed and are available for research; the remaining materials will become accessible as the series is further processed. The Photographs by Subject series, c.1875-2003, comprises 40 boxes arranged alphabetically by subject. Schools comprise the majority of the subjects but they also include departments within the St. Louis Public Schools such as Special Education, Greenhouse, and the Educational Museum. There is also a large number of photos from KSLH, the district's radio station and a few photos for KSD-TV. For most schools in this series there are photos of the school buildings, many dating from circa 1900. Class photos are primarily graduating classes from middle schools, not high schools. There are also classroom photos, group photos or collage photos of students assigned to a classroom with a single teacher. The Community Information Department series, c.1966-1999, comprises 11 boxes and contains primarily photos arranged alphabetically by subject. Interspersed among the photos are news releases and newsclippings relating to the events and people. There are also slide presentations: Magnet schools (with audiocassette), Dr. (Jerome) Jones' Accomplishments, and the SLPS 150th Anniversary. Of special note are the photos concerning the awards and special visitors (Pres. Clinton, Hillary Clinton, Sec. of Education, etc.) received by the Gateway School Complex. The Audiovisual Services Slides series, 1950-1969, comprises one box containing slide presentations. The Susan J. Abernathy Scrapbooks series, 1966-1993, comprises three volumes (1 box) of candid and school photos of her students at three elementary schools: Shepard, Sigel, and Dewey. The Southwest High School Library Transparencies series is a set of ten sets of job seeking transparencies that were part of the school library collection. The Library Services Scrapbook series is a single volume titled "Corridor Libraries and the New Motivation in Reading," 1969. The School Partnership Program series consists of photos, clippings, and some correspondence arranged in alphabetical order by name of the community partners participating in the program. The Samuel Shepard Photo Collection series, c.1946-1970 comprises one box. The Albums/Visual Materials series, c.1920-2003, is 16 boxes comprised of scrapbooks, photos albums, and lantern slides compiled by schools, school groups, individuals associated with a school, or SLPS departments. Arrangement The collection is composed of ten series based upon image type and provenance. Arrangement varies by series with most arranged numerically, alphabetically by subject, or chronologically: Series 1 Activity Photographs and Negatives Series 2 Photographs by Subject Series 3 Community Information Department Series 4 Audiovisual Services Slides Series 5 Susan J. Abernathy Scrapbooks Series 6 Southwest High School Library Transparencies Series 7 Library Services Scrapbook Series 8 School Partnership Program Photos/Slides Series 9 Samuel Shepard Photo Collection Series 10 Albums/Visual Material by Schools/Groups Conditions Governing Access No viewing restrictions Conditions Governing Use No special use restrictions. Copyright restrictions may apply. The user assumes full responsibilty for conforming to copyright laws. Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements Some film stored in freezer. Existence and Location of Copies Digital copies and item-level records of select images are posted as they are created and can be accessed via the Cross-Collections Search on the Missouri History Museum website: http://collections.mohistory.org/resource/412093 . Digitized images are generated from the original item whenever possible and files are adjusted only to ensure an accurate representation. Master files are saved in TIF format and JPEG viewing files are automatically generated from the master files. Additional Indexes See PDF finding aid for full folder list: http://mohistory.org/files/archives_guides/P0900FindingAid.pdf Related Materials P0041 School Buildings P0048 School Groups P0631 Educational Museum Collection A1486 Schools Collection, 1817-1991 A 0439 Educational Museum of the St. Louis Public Schools Records, 1901-1999 A3030 St. Louis Public School Records A0255 Central High School (St. Louis, Missouri) Collection, 1919; 1969-1984 Biographical / Historical On 1 April 1838, the St. Louis Public Schools opened its first school building at the southwest corner of 4th and Spruce known as South School and later as Laclede Primary School. Prior to this, the district rented spaces appropriate to house students. Erecting new school buildings continued as St. Louis grew and twenty new schools were built before 1860. Included in the tally was Central High School, the first high school building in the district. The district boasts several firsts in education. In 1873, under the direction Susan Blow, the first public kindergarten in North America opened in St. Louis. Sumner High School opened in 1875, the first African-American high school west of the Mississippi. Then in 1905, the district purchased items that were displayed at the 1904 World’s Fair as the basis of the Educational Museum. The department was unique in public education and grew into the nation’s first audiovisual department. The district was responsive to the needs of its pupils. In 1868, it opened its first vocational school. As tuberculosis became a greater health concern, it offered open-air schools to at-risk children. Schools for the deaf and for children with disabilities opened in the early 20th century. More schools were built in the 1950s. In 1954, the St. Louis Public Schools began the process of desegregation. Charles Guggenheim directed a documentary short about desegregation in St Louis in 1956, A City Decides. In 1972, five parents who had grown frustrated with the bussing solution to segregation filed a complaint in the U. S. District Court that the Board of Education and the State of Missouri followed policies and practices that encouraged segregation. This led to two decades of court involvement, to the creation of the Voluntary Interdistrict Choice Corporation, and an extensive capital improvement program. In the 21st century, the school district struggled with the results of urban flight. The St. Louis Public Schools hit its highest enrollment of over 115,000 students in 1967 and its lowest of just over 23,500 students in 2011. The district systematically closed schools and began selling many of the historic buildings in order to make shrink its size to match the declining enrollment. It determines the buildings’ fate with the assistance of a Building Revitalization Collaborative in order to redevelop the closed schools into projects that benefit the city’s neighborhoods. The district also encountered accreditation issues with the State of Missouri. After several attempts at oversight, the district was placed under the direction of a Special Administrative Board with three members appointed by three officials: the Governor of Missouri, the Mayor of St. Louis, and the President of the St. Louis Board of Aldermen. Preferred Citation St. Louis Public Schools Photograph Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis Education -- Missouri -- Saint Louis Public schools School buildings School employees Students St. Louis Public Schools (Saint Louis, Mo.) Series 1: Activity Negatives P0900-S01 ca. 1904-2005 Scope and Contents Series 1, ca.1904-2005, is a collection of original glass and film negatives documenting the daily activities and operations, students, staff, and buildings of the St. Louis Public Schools system. Most of the material consists of film-based negatives, but there are also a small number of photographic prints and related documents. Activities and institutions highlighted include: special schools for children with disabilities, open air schools, portable schools, vocational education schools, classroom and club activities, graduations, employee professional development activities, Educational Museum (later renamed the Division of Audio-Visual Education), the Greenhouse (opened in 1926), the St. Louis Public Schools Stadium (opened in 1928), and the FM radio station, KSLH, 91.5 FM, which started broadcasting in 1950. Former St. Louis Public Schools Archivist, Sharon Dolan, arranged the photographic negatives chronologically and assigned them sequential numbers; this numbering system has been retained. Any photographic prints in this series are also arranged by their negative numbers. Dolan also created basic index records for the material including: School, subject, and date of creation. Individual students are not identified by name, but teachers and administrators occasionally are. Some records refer to single images while others refer to small sets of related images; these record groups have also been retained. A succession of unknown photographers have created these materials, but some creators have been identified including a Board of Education photographer known as Princell, the Director of Audiovisual Education Elizabeth Golterman, and the Assistant Director of Elementary Education Ruth Rowe. 91 boxes have been processed in the series as of July of 2017. Materials dating from 1904 to May 1952, the bulk of which dates between 1936 and 1950, are available for research and the records can be viewed online in the Missouri Historical Society's Cross Collection search. Materials dating from late May 1952 to 2005 are unprocessed; as work continues on the collection they will become available. To browse catalog records and digitized images from this series visit our Cross-collection Search: http://collections.mohistory.org/resource/501591 Series 2: Photographs by Subject ca.1875-2003 Scope and Contents The series includes photographs arranged by subject, the dates spanning from approximately 1895 to 2003, with the majority dating between 1930 and 1970. There are oversize photographs arranged in two alphabetical sets, check the box labels carefully. An additional box added at the end of the collection contains photos of Central High School's 100th anniversary, Northwest High School, and Students in Industry (Box 74). Schools comprise the majority of the subjects but they also include departments within the St. Louis Public Schools such as Special Education and the Greenhouse. There is also a large number of photos from KSLH, the district's radio station and a few photos for KSD-TV. For most schools in this series there are photos of the school buildings, many dating from circa 1900. Class photos are primarily graduating classes from middle schools, not high schools. There are also classroom photos, group photos or collage photos of students assigned to a classroom with a single teacher. Photos of classes and classrooms are either staged or impromptu, showing students during their daily activities. It is likely that this series was created by the St. Louis Public Schools Archives as there are several prints with donor notations, proving that photos were added to the series over a number of years. Many photos have negative numbers on the back that correlate to the negatives that comprise series 1. These negative numbers, or a range of negative numbers, are noted in folder descriptions and were used to assist in dating the photographs. In addition, a stamp located on the verso of many photos states that the photo be returned to the Audiovisual Department or Department of Audiovisual Education (DAVE). This department may have provided the primary photographic services for the St. Louis Public Schools. Other notes on the versos indicate that many photos appeared in School and Home , the district's publication for students, teachers, and parents (see MHS Library for issues). To browse catalog records and digitized images from this series visit our Cross-collection Search: http://collections.mohistory.org/resource/511835 Series 3: Community Information Department ca.1966-1999 Scope and Contents This series is comprised primarily of photos arranged alphabetically by subject from the Community Information Department, c.1966-1999. Interspersed among the photos are news releases and news clippings relating to the events and people. There are also four slide presentations are located at the end of the series: Magnet schools (with audiocassette), Dr. (Jerome) Jones' Accomplishments, and the SLPS 150th Anniversary. There are several files relating to the remodeling of existing schools and the opening of new schools resulting from tax and bond issues. Of special note are the photos concerning the awards and special visitors (Pres. Clinton, Hillary Clinton, Sec. of Education, etc.) received by the Gateway School Complex. Programs for students highlighted in this series are "Be There," the district's attendance program cosponsored by Maritz, and "Do the Right Thing" in which students are recognized for acts benefiting others. Students receive awards from the St. Louis Police Department. To browse catalog records and digitized images from this series visit our Cross-collection Search: http://collections.mohistory.org/resource/511827 Series 4: Audiovisual Services Slides 1950-1969 Scope and Contents The department was formerly the Department of Audiovisual Education (DAVE). It is likely that these slides were centrally located in this department and might have been made available for teachers to use in classrooms. The slide presentation topics include City Government, Veiled Prophet 1950, Michael School, Kindergarten Activities (slides 100-200), Union Station, Teachers First Day (teacher orientation), Christmas Pageant at Scullin School (no date). There are two slide presentations in the Architecture in St. Louis series created by the Women's Architectural League of AIA-St. Louis: Twelve Contemporary Buildings, 1969; and Twelve Historic Structures. Each architecture presentation is bound and includes the slides, a script, and a bibliography. To browse catalog records and digitized images from this series visit our Cross-collection Search: http://collections.mohistory.org/resource/567939 Series 5: Susan J. Abernathy Scrapbooks 1966-1993 Scope and Contents Susan Abernathy taught in the St. Louis Public School district. The scrapbooks contain candid and school photos of her students from 1966-1993, many of which are identified, at three elementary schools: Shepard, Sigel, and Dewey. There are three volumes in the series. To browse catalog records and digitized images from this series visit our Cross-collection Search: http://collections.mohistory.org/resource/567935 Series 6: Southwest High School Library Transparencies 1970 Scope and Contents The Southwest High School Library Transparencies series is a set of ten sets of job seeking transparencies that were part of the school library collection. Titles include: Dress-Ability, Employ-Ability, Ethics-Ability, Image-Ability, Job-Getting-Ability, Personality-Ability, Promote-Ability, Quality-Ability, Success-Ability, and Time-Ability. The set was published by the South-Western Publishing Co., 1970. To browse catalog records and digitized images from this series visit our Cross-collection Search: http://collections.mohistory.org/resource/567933 Series 7: Library Services Scrapbook 1969 Scope and Contents A scrapbook, Corridor Libraries and the New Motivation in Reading, presentation on a Project in Library Innovation undertaken by the district, financed under Title III, ESEA. There are photographs of corridor libraries and corridor displays using library materials set up at select school libraries. It was believed that bringing the materials into view of the students as they moved through their day would increase student interest in reading. The scrapbook was submitted by Helen Grauel, 26 May 1969. To browse catalog records and digitized images from this series visit our Cross-collection Search: http://collections.mohistory.org/resource/567937 Series 8: School Partnership Program Photos/Slides 1982-1991 Scope and Contents The St. Louis Public Schools worked to create community relationships between the schools and businesses and individuals known as the School Partnership Program. This series is comprised of photos, clippings, correspondence, and other supporting documents arranged in alphabetical order by name of the community partners participating in the program. Only the second half of the alphabet is present, L-R.; there are no folders for the first half, A-K. To browse catalog records and digitized images from this series visit our Cross-collection Search: http://collections.mohistory.org/resource/567868 Series 9: Samuel Shepard Photo Collection ca.1946-1970 Scope and Contents Shepard worked with the St. Louis Public Schools from 1930 to 1970. He served as principal of Dumas, Penrose, Curtis, Jefferson, and Carr Lane schools. In 1948 he was appointed assistant director of elementary education (grades K-8) and director in 1952. In 1962 Shepard became assistant superintendent and worked with the Banneker District. Shepard worked with teachers and parents to improve education in the inner city. One notable program was “Mr. Achiever,” a radio program combined with community and school events and contests to engage students. There is one folder of photos relating to the program. In the late 1960s, Banneker School participated in a program devised by Oberlin College to encourage middle school students to explore education after high school. Students spent time on the Oberlin campus during their summer breaks and the college and school district continued the comradery throughout the school year. There is one folder of Oberlin College Special Opportunity Program group and banquet photos. Many of the remaining photos in this series are not identified, either by school or individuals, or dated. They have been divided into student, parent, and staff groups and activities. The few identified photos include: a music festival comprised of nine schools in the Vashon district, a Cultural Committee Assembly at the Carr Lane School with members of the St. Louis Cardinals football team, PTA Council meetings, “A Morning with Mrs. Koontz” at Jefferson School, Appreciation Dinner 1967, and Banneker District Teachers Chorus. To browse catalog records and digitized images from this series visit our Cross-collection Search: http://collections.mohistory.org/resource/568271 Series 10: Albums/Visual Material by Schools/Groups ca.1920-2003 Scope and Contents This series is comprised of scrapbooks (clippings and photos), photos albums, and lantern slides compiled by schools, school groups, individuals associated with a school, or SLPS departments. There are several anniversary scrapbooks and slides shows (Central and McKinley high schools). Several of the scrapbooks and photo albums have been photocopied and/or disassembled for preservation. Original photographs have been retained. To browse catalog records and digitized images from this series visit our Cross-collection Search: http://collections.mohistory.org/resource/568932