date(s):
1890-1943
creator(s):
Sunder, Leo John, 1893-1955
subject(s):
World War, 1914-1918; Armed Forces; Marriage; Labor; World War, 1939-1945; Gases, Asphyxiating and poisonous; War use
place(s):
United States; France
type(s):
Documentary Artifacts; Collection
A3029 Sunder Family Papers Inventory of Sunder Family Papers A3029 EAD by Jaime Bourassa using ArchivesSpace Missouri Historical Society Library and Research Center 2017 225 S. Skinker Blvd. St. Louis, MO 63105 archives@mohistory.org URL: This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on 2018-09-28 06:32:24 -0500 . English Describing Archives: A Content Standard English Missouri Historical Society Library and Research Center Sunder Family Papers Sunder family Sunder, Casper, 1878-circa 1960 Sunder, Leo John, 1893-1955 A3029 0.04 Cubic Feet (1 folder) 1890-circa 1943 Some German Processing Information Processed by Corey Schmidt and Jaime Bourassa, June 2015. Donor Information The collection was donated by John E. Sunder in 2008. Biographical Sketch Leo John Sunder was born on October 4, 1893, in St. Louis. He was the son of Johann Bernard Sunder, who was born in Germany, and Christina Ortbals. He worked as a machinist at the Hoyt Metal Company in Granite City, Illinois. He enlisted in the United States Army on October 5, 1917, and served until May 23, 1919. He was assigned to Company M, 109th Infantry Regiment, 28th Division, and fought in the Allied advance towards the Vesle River in France, where he survived a gas attack. He spent his remaining time in the military recovering from his wounds at a hospital. After his service ended, he returned to Hoyt Metal Company, and married Loretta O’Toole (born ca. 1900) of St. Louis in June 1926 in Cuba, Missouri. Leo Sunder died on September 19, 1955. John E. Sunder, the son of Leo and Loretta Sunder, was born on October 10, 1928, in St. Louis. He received his B.A., M.A., and Ph.D from Washington University. He served in the United States Army and was stationed in Korea for two years. Later, he moved to Texas where he taught Western History at the University of Texas. He died on April 3, 2011. Edward R. Dependahl (sometimes spelled Dependall) was born on December 16, 1895, in St. Louis. He enlisted in the United States Army on June 22, 1918, in Wyoming, and was discharged in 1919. That same year, Edward married Mildred O’Toole in St. Charles, Mo. Before World War I, Edward worked as a rancher/cowboy in Wyoming, and after the war, he returned to St. Louis and became an automobile salesman. Edward Dependahl died on May 11, 1963. Mildred O’Toole was born on May 6, 1897, in St. Louis, and Loretta O’Toole was born ca. 1900 in St. Louis. Their mother Elizabeth Robins was born in Germany, and their father John F. O’Toole was born in France. Mildred worked as a telephone company operator and later as an assistant manager at a café. Loretta worked at Southwestern Telephone before and during World War I. Mildred O’Toole Dependahl died on September 21, 1980. Casper Sunder, an older brother of Leo Sunder, was born in 1878 in St. Louis. He was a machinist at Commonwealth Steel in Granite City. He died around 1960. Scope and Contents The collection contains World War I-era letters exchanged between Leo John Sunder and his family in St. Louis while he was serving in Europe, which mention the injuries Leo suffered in France during a mustard gas attack and an outbreak of Spanish Influenza in St. Louis. The collection also includes military documents relating to the service of Pvt. Leo John Sunder and Pvt. Edward R. Dependahl; a circular letter of General John J. Pershing thanking American soldiers for their service in the World War, dated February 28, 1919; certificates of marriage; State of Missouri Employment Certificates for John O’Toole and Mildred O’Toole; World War II ration books; a confirmation record for Elizabeth Robins (mother of Mildred and Loretta O’Toole); registration certificates of Edward Dependahl in the selective service; and a typed list of rules for patients at a tuberculosis camp. Arrangement The papers are arranged in chronological order. Separated Materials Twenty-eight postcards and photographs were transferred to the Photographs and Prints Department after processing. Items Transferred Photograph of Loretta O’Toole and eighteen other girls in her class taken outdoors, 1912-1913. Verso reads, “Loretta O’Toole Sunder –> Mothers’ class picture about 1912-13. Note to Mil, Johnnie & Mother from My grandmother (Mary Eliz Robins O’Toole).” Loretta is identified on the photograph as “Mother.” Photograph of Loretta O’Toole and eighteen other girls in her class taken outdoors, 1912-1913. Two young boys are also in the photograph. Verso reads, “Mothers class picture c. 1912-13.” Loretta is identified on the photograph as “Mother.” Photograph of Mildred and Loretta O’Toole with two unidentified girls and a boy, ca. 1913. Verso reads, “Aunt Mil & Mother about 1913. Mildred O’Toole Dependahl Loretta O’Toole Sunder.” Loretta and Mildred are identified on the photograph as “Mil” and “Mother.” Photograph of Loretta O’Toole and nineteen other girls in her class taken outdoors, ca. 1914. Verso reads “Mothers class picture about 1914.” Loretta is identified on the photograph as “Mother.” Photograph of Edward R. Dependahl, Henry Freuert, Mildred H. O’Toole, and Loretta A. O’Toole, 1916. Photograph of Leo J. Sunder in his World War I uniform at a California basic training camp, 1917. “Leo J. Sunder California 1917 My father” written on verso. Photograph of Leo J. Sunder in his World War I uniform at a California basic training camp, 1917. Verso reads “Return to Mr. Bernard Sunder 4301 Gano” and “Picture of Leo J. Sunder Missing in Action , July 28, 1918.” Three identical photographs of Leo J. Sunder in his World War I uniform at a California basic training camp, ca. 1917. Verso of each reads “Daddy WWI California 1917 basic training Leo John Sunder.” Three identical photographs of Leo J. Sunder in his World War I uniform at a California basic training camp, ca. 1917. Verso of two of them reads “Daddy WWI California 1917 basic training Leo John Sunder.” Photograph of Leo John Sunder and another man, both in World War I uniforms, standing beside a palm tree at a California basic training camp, ca. 1917. Verso reads “Basic training in California 1917 Leo John Sunder.” Photograph of Leo John Sunder and four other men at a California basic training camp, ca. 1917. Verso reads “Daddy – basic training in California 1917 WWI Leo John Sunder.” Leo is identified on the photograph as “Papa.” Postcard [of Edward Dependahl] to Miss M. O’Toole, 1912 Dodier, St. Louis, Mo., 1917-1918. Reads, “Everything OK.” The postcard states that Ed is going to Camp Mills and he has been assigned to Battery A, 140th Regiment, 39th Division. The postcard image shows a cartoon of an enthusiastic soldier with his hands in the air next to a dog and a sign that reads “Lil Ol’ U.S.A.” The postcard reads: “Greetings: I’m in the Good Old U.S.A.” Postcard distributed by Knights of Columbus Committee on War Activities. Postcard with an image of a French soldier and a woman embracingca. 1917. The caption in French reads: “Que nos lévres s’unissent dans un ardent baiser!” (“Our lips unite in a passionate kiss!”). On the verso is a handwritten note: “This picture sure makes me Home sick. for. ?” Postcard with a photograph of a line of men in drilling formation in World War I uniforms, ca. 1917. The front contains a handwritten note reading, “A picture of a few of us ready to start drilling.” The note on the verso reads, “I love my baby Sweetheart.” Postcard signed Ed [Edward Dependahl] to Miss Mildred O’Toole, 1912 Dodier St., St. Louis, Mo., May 31, 1917. States, “Arrived in K.C. OK 5 Min to get back to train Will write again from Pueblo ED.” The postcard image shows Northeast High School in Kansas City, Mo. Postcard signed Ed [Edward Dependahl] to Miss Mildred O’Toole, 1912 Dodier St., St. Louis, Mo., June 1917. Writes that everything is “lovely,” and he is now in Pueblo, heading to Denver. The postcard image shows The Lake, Mineral Park, Pueblo, Colo., with a view of a gazebo, a swan, spectators, and trees at the lakefront. Postcard signed Ed [Edward Dependahl] to Miss Mildred O’Toole, 1912 Dodier St., St. Louis, Mo., June 1917. Writes that he has arrived in Denver, and he has had a snowball fight. The scenery is very beautiful. The postcard image shows an evening street scene of 17th Street in Denver with the Brown and the Savoy Hotels visible. Postcard signed Ed [Edward Dependahl] to Mrs. [Elizabeth Robins] O’Toole, 1912 Dodier St., St. Louis, Mo., June 1917. Writes that he will be leaving soon. The postcard image shows a farm scene with haystacks, titled “Results of Dry Farming Under the Directions of Dr. V.T. Cooke, Near Cheyenne, Wyo.” Postcard signed Ed [Edward Dependahl] to Mrs. O’Toole, 1912 Dodier St., St. Louis, Mo., July 1917. States that he is alright and will write a letter soon. The postcard image shows the Great Falls and Grand Canon [Canyon] at Yellowstone National Park. Photograph of Edward Dependahl and Henry Freuert in military uniforms, 1917-1918. Verso reads, “Ed and Henry WWI Uncle Ed Dependahl & his friend Henry Freuert 1917 or 1918.” Two identical photographs of Edward Dependahl in military uniform, 1918. One is a modern copy. Verso of original reads, “Uncle Ed Dependahl (Edward R.) 1918.” Another note in different hand [presumably Mildred’s] reads, “My Sweetheart.” Postcard signed Pvt. Leo Sunder, Camp Kerny [Kearny] June A.R.D., 151 Co Oversea Casul A.E.F., to Mr. and Mrs. Stengle, 700 Nicholson St., Joliet, Ill., July 11, 1918. Writes that he has arrived overseas, and he is in good health. Image on postcard shows a European street scene, and is titled “The Hundred [last word scratched out].” Postcard signed Pvt. Leo Sunder, Camp Kerny [Kearny] June A.R.D., 15 Co Oversea Casul A.E.F., to Mr. and Mrs. Gersdorf Jr. [Bernhardt Gersdorf and Jennie Sunder Gersdorf], 2833a Victor St., St. Louis, Mo., July 12, 1918. States that he is at a new camp. Image on postcard shows a street scene of “Bell Street,” although the exact location has been scratched out. Photograph of Leo John Sunder and seventeen other workers at Granite City Steel Co., ca. 1927-1932. Verso reads “Leo J. Sunder, My father at Granite City Steel Co c. 1927-32.” Leo is identified on the photograph by an ‘x.’ Conditions Governing Access The collection is open for research use. Conditions Governing Use For permission to publish, quote from, or reproduce material in this collection, please contact the Archives Reference Desk at archives@mohistory.org . Copyright restrictions may apply. The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming to the laws of copyright. Physical and Technical Requirements There are no physical or technical restrictions. Preferred Citation Sunder Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society Archives, St. Louis. Ration books Soldiers -- United States -- Correspondence United States -- Armed Forces World War, 1914-1918 World War, 1939-1945 -- France First Communion record of Elis. Robins at St. Joseph’s Church, St. Louis, Mo., signed L. Etten. (in German) 1890 Apr 27 1 1 Employment Certificate from the State of Missouri for John F. O’Toole. Certifies that John, residing at 1912 Dodier St., can read and write legibly in English, is over 14 years old, and is in good health. Includes John’s physical description and the names of his parents, John and Elizabeth O’Toole. 1911 Sep 27 1 1 Employment Certificate from the State of Missouri for Mildred O’Toole. Certifies that Mildred, residing at 1912 Dodier St., can read and write legibly in English, is over 14 years old, and is in good health. Includes Mildred’s physical description and the names of her parents, John and Lizzie. 1912 July 16 1 1 Typed list of rules for patients at the Night and Day Camp. From Mildred O’Toole’s stay at a camp for tuberculosis treatment. 1917 Apr 16 1 1 Registration Certificate with the selective service for Edward Dependahl. Processed in Precinct 20, Big Horn County, Wyoming. 1917 June 5 1 1 Postcard signed Private Leo Sunder, 51st Co 164 Depot Brigade, Camp Funston, Kan., to Mr. and Mrs. B. Gersdorf [Bernhardt Gersdorf and Jennie Sunder Gersdorf], 2835 Victor St., St. Louis, Mo. Writes that he has received his trench shoes. 1917 Oct 20 1 1 Letter signed Leo [Sunder], Linda Vista, Cal., to Ben and Jen [probably Bernhardt Gersdorf and Jennie Sunder Gersdorf]. Describes his training in the United States military and how his mother will be receiving money from him and the government every month. Written on National War Work Council, Army and Navy, Young Men’s Christian Association stationery. 1917 Nov 26 1 1 Letter signed Leo [Sunder], Camp Kearny, Cal., to Brother [Casper Sunder]. Writes that he is undergoing trench training and the weather is great. Written on National War Work Council, Army and Navy, Young Men’s Christian Association stationery. 1918 May 11 1 1 Letter signed Leo [Sunder], Camp Kearny, Cal., to Brother [Casper Sunder]. Writes that he has received the money. Written on National War Work Council, Army and Navy, Young Men’s Christian Association stationery. 1918 May 26 1 1 Letter signed Pvt. Leo Sunder, 15th Co Camp Kearny June A.R.D., Some where in England, to Brother [Casper Sunder]. Describes the scenery, houses, and weather in England. Written on American Y.M.C.A. stationery stating “On Active Service with American Expeditionary Forces.” 1918 July 13 1 1 Letter signed Pvt. Leo Sunder, Co M 109 Inf, American E F, to Brother [Casper Sunder]. Writes that he has been gassed, and he is now in the hospital recovering. 1918 Aug 8 1 1 Letter signed Pvt. Leo Sunder, Base Hospital #26, A.P.O. 717, American E.F., Some where in France, to Ben and Jen [probably Bernhardt Gersdorf and Jennie Sunder Gersdorf]. Explains that he was gassed with mustard gas. Regarding fighting on the front, he writes, “it takes the best of them.” 1918 Aug 13 1 1 Letter signed Casper [Sunder], St. Louis, to Leo Sunder. Mentions that Leo has been in the paper. [1918] Sep 8 1 1 Letter signed Pvt Leo Sunder, Co M 109 Inf, American E F, France, to Brother [Casper Sunder]. Writes that he has been in the hospital for seven days, and states that it looks like the war is coming to an end. Written on Knights of Columbus War Activities stationery. 1918 Oct 4 1 1 Letter signed Casper [Sunder], St. Louis, to Leo Sunder. Writes that they have the Spanish influenza in St. Louis. Also states that he has written three letters to Leo since Leo wrote of his gas attack. Work is going well and everyone at home is anxious to hear news about “the boys” fighting in France. Casper hopes that Leo will write to him about the war and the battle he fought in. 1918 Oct 9 1 1 Letter signed Casper [Sunder], St. Louis, to Leo Sunder. Writes that everybody is coming down with the flu. Casper also wants to know what the battle was like. Lastly, he asks Leo what he wants for Christmas. 1918 Oct 24 1 1 Letter signed Pvt Leo Sunder, Co M 109 Inf, 28 Division, Woinville, France, to Brother [Casper Sunder]. Writes that he was glad about the armistice but felt lost. He hopes their father will recover from the flu and that everyone else in the family is in the best of health. Written on American Y.M.C.A. stationery stating “On Active Service with American Expeditionary Forces.” 1918 Dec 4 1 1 Circular letter signed John J. Pershing, Commander in Chief, American Expeditionary Forces. Gives praise and thanks for the service of the American soldiers. 1919 Feb 28 1 1 Letter signed Pvt Leo Sunder, Co M 109 Inf, A.P.O. 74th, A.E.F., La Mans, [Le Mans, France] to Brother [Casper Sunder]. Writes that the 28th Division has done a lot of fighting. He warns his brother to not believe what the papers say about them. Mentions that he sent a Handkerchief home, and he hopes to arrive back in the United States by the middle of June. 1919 Mar 29 1 1 Discharge certificate from the United States Army for Private Leo Sunder. Verso contains Leo Sunder’s Enlistment Record information. 1919 May 23 1 1 Western Union Telegram of Edward Dependahl to Miss Mildred OToole, 514 Olive St., St. Louis, Mo. States, “Arrived New York safe writing Ed.” 1919 June 6 1 1 Honorable Discharge certificate of Private Edward Dependahl. Verso contains service information and physical description. Filed August 16, 1956, by St. Louis Recorder of Deeds, Anthony J. Denny. 1919 June 17 1 1 Certificate of Matrimony for Edward R. Deppendahl of St. Louis and Mildred O’Toole of St. Louis. Married at St. Charles, Mo., and signed by Justice of the Peace, J.W. Bruns. 1919 Oct 18 1 1 Application for adjusted compensation for service in the United States Army. Includes Leo Sunder’s fingerprints and military service information. 1924 Sep 8 1 1 Certificate of Matrimony for Leo John Sunder of St. Louis and Loretta Agnes O’Toole of St. Louis. Married at Cuba, Mo., and signed by Rev. C.J. Homrey [or Hornrey]. 1926 June 10 1 1 Two member stamps from the National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933. Stamps have been mounted on a notecard by John Sunder. 1933 1 1 Registration Certificate with the selective service for Edward Raymond Dependahl. Registered in St. Louis, Mo. Place of residence: 4000 W. Florissant Ave. 1942 Apr 27 1 1 War Ration Book No. 3 issued to John E. Sunder, 15 years old, 3338a Blair Ave., St. Louis, Mo. ca. 1943 1 1 War Ration Book Four issued to John E. Sunder, 3338a Blair [St. Louis, Mo.]. ca. 1943 1 1