date(s):
1903-1946
subject(s):
Wineries; Wine; Viticulture; World War, 1939-1945; Armed Forces; Elections; Local government; Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904 : Saint Louis, Mo.); Postcards; Scrapbooks; Business
place(s):
United States; Gray Summit, MO, USA; Missouri, USA; United States
type(s):
Documentary Artifacts; Collection
A3025 Holthaus Family Papers Inventory of Holthaus Family Papers A3025 EAD by Jaime Bourassa using ArchivesSpace Missouri Historical Society Library and Research Center 2018 225 S. Skinker Blvd. St. Louis, MO 63105 archives@mohistory.org URL: This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on 2018-09-29 06:48:10 -0500 . English Describing Archives: A Content Standard English Missouri Historical Society Library and Research Center Holthaus Family Papers Holthaus family Cook, Lucile Holthaus, 1914-1986 Holthaus, August R., 1921-2009 A3025 0.67 Cubic Feet (1 box; 1 oversize folder) 1903-1946 Some German and Chinese Processing Information Processed by Corey Schmidt, June 2015. Donor Information Collection was donated by Lauralee Taylor and Darlene H. Meyer in 2014. Biographical Sketches August J. Holthaus was born on January 26, 1882. He worked as a farmer on his father Henry’s vineyard and fruit farm, H. Holthaus & Co., and later became owner. He married Otillie A. Roemer (1891-1981) in 1910, and they had three children: Helen, Lucile, and August R. Holthaus. August J. Holthaus later became an automobile insurance salesman. He died on April 30, 1952. August R. "Bud" Holthaus was born on February 21, 1921, in Gray Summit, Mo. He attended Washington High School and later Ranken Technical School. He worked on his father’s farm until he enlisted in the Army Air Force Air Transport Command (A.A.F.A.T.C.) at Jefferson Barracks on October 14, 1942. He served as a Flight Officer and Co-pilot with the 14th Air Force based in Chongqing, China, and participated in the South-East Asian Theater during the Second World War. He was one of the pilots who flew C-46 transports from Burma and India over the Himalayas to China in dangerous missions known as flying over "The Hump." During his service, he was promoted to Lieutenant. He was discharged in 1946. August R. Holthaus was a member of the Boles Fire Department for more than 60 years and later became a chairman. He also owned Cedar Lane Cabinet Shop. On May 26, 1951, he married Laurene Bartold (1927-2008) in Manchester. They had two daughters, Lauralee (Taylor) and Darlene (Meyer). August R. Holthaus died on March 8, 2009. Lucile Holthaus Cook was born on December 5, 1914, in Gray Summit, Mo. She married John C. Cook before World War II, and they a son named Wayne. Her husband worked as a clerk for a retail grocery store, and Lucile worked as a cook in a private home. She and her brother August R. Holthaus wrote to each other during World War II when August R. was serving in the Army Air Force. Lucile Cook died on March 13, 1986. Helen Holthaus Rashcoe was born on April 8, 1912 in Gray Summit, Mo. She worked as a bookkeeper for a textile factory. Her husband, Carl Lee Rashcoe, a barber, died on July 7, 1955. Helen died on September 3, 1988. Scope and Contents The collection contains items relating to the operation of H. Holthaus & Co. winery in Gray Summit, Mo., by August J. Holthaus and his family; a postcard depicting the Liberal Arts Building at the 1904 World’s Fair in St. Louis; poll books for 1936, 1938, and 1942 elections in Gray Summit, Mo.; a flier of the St. Louis Municipal Opera for the 26th Annual Season, 1944; and a scrapbook regarding the service of August R. Holthaus in World War II, containing postcards, photographs, letters, newspaper clippings, and miscellaneous memorabilia from his time serving in China and India as part of the Army Air Force Air Transport Command. Arrangement The collection is arranged in the following four series: Winery Series , Poll Books Series , Miscellaneous Series , and Scrapbook Series . The items are arranged chronologically within each series with the exception of the scrapbook series, which has been kept in its original order. The loose pages of the scrapbook have been removed, and the original binding and several pages still attached to it have been placed at the end of the series. The Winery Series contains items relating to the operation and promotion of H. Holthaus & Co., including business cards, blank monthly statement and receipt forms, and forms 701 and 702 of the United States Treasury Department for reporting on wines produced, removed, and on hand at the winery. The Poll Books Series contains three poll books from elections held at Gray Summit, Mo. The poll books are from one general election (1936) and two primary elections (1938 and 1942). The names of the candidates for local, state, and national offices have been transcribed in the inventory section of this finding aid. The Miscellaneous Series contains items which did not fit into any of the other series: two postcards (one depicting Shaw’s Garden and the other the Liberal Arts Building at the 1904 World’s Fair) and a flier for the 1944 season of performances at the St. Louis Municipal Opera. The bulk of the material in the collection is in the Scrapbook Series , which was originally a scrapbook regarding the service of Lt. August R. Holthaus during World War II in the Army Air Force Air Transport Command in China and India. The scrapbook was compiled by August’s sister, Lucile Holthaus Cook, and includes snapshots August took in China; letters and postcards written to Lucile and her husband John Cook by August from various training camps in the United States and bases in India and China; newspaper clippings regarding the A.A.F.A.T.C. and its missions; and memorabilia collected by August R. Holthaus, such as Chinese paper currency and a laundry list in Chinese. Loose pages and items have been removed from the scrapbook for preservation, although the original order of items within the scrapbook has been maintained whenever possible. Transcriptions of all of the letters and postcards are available in the PDF finding aid. Individual envelopes have not been listed in this finding aid except where they correspond to an accompanying letter or have a special notation in the scrapbook. Conditions Governing Access The collection is open for research use. Conditions Governing Use For permission to publish, quote from, or reproduce material in this collection, please contact the Archives Reference Desk at archives@mohistory.org . Copyright restrictions may apply. The researcher assumes full responsibility for comforming to the laws of copyright. Physical and Technical Requirements There are no physical or technical restrictions. Preferred Citation Holthaus Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society Archives, St. Louis. Elections -- Missouri -- Gray Summit United States. Air Force -- Airmen United States -- Armed Forces Wineries -- Missouri -- Gray Summit World War, 1939-1945 World War, 1914-1918 -- Campaigns -- China H. Holthaus & Co. (Gray Summit, Mo.) Winery Series Business card of H. Holthaus & Co., Wine Growers, Grays Summit, Franklin Co., Missouri. Mentions “Tucker Hill” Brand Wines, and includes image of grapes growing on a vine. 1915-1920 1 1 Card of H. Holthaus & Co., Wine and Fruit Growers, Gray’s Summit, Mo. “Please return empty kegs and cases promptly” and “Do Not Destroy This Card” printed on card. 1915-1920 1 1 Blank monthly statement forms of H. Holthaus & Co., Growers Tucker Hill Wines, Gray’s Summit, Mo. (5 sheets) 1915-1920 1 1 Black receipt of Aug. J. Holthaus, Gray Summit, Mo. Receipt includes image of a cow. 1915-1920 1 1 Records of materials received and wines produced, removed, and on hand at Bonded Winery No. 23, signed August J. Holthaus. Treasury Department, U.S. Internal Revenue Form 701. (7 items) (Oversize) 1917 May-Nov MD(E)-10 Reports of wines entered into, withdrawn from, and remaining on hand at Bonded Winery No. 23, signed August J. Holthaus. Treasury Department, U.S. Internal Revenue Form 702. (5 items) (Oversize) 1917 Dec-1919 June MD(E)-10 Poll Books Series Poll book (with tally list) of a general election held at Gray Summit, Boles Township, Franklin County, Missouri. 1936 Nov 3 1 2 Poll book (with tally list) of a primary election held at Gray Summit, Boles Township, Franklin County, Missouri. 1938 Aug 2 1 2 Poll book (with tally list) of a primary election held at Gray Summit, Boles Township, Franklin County, Missouri. 1942 Aug 4 1 2 Miscellaneous Series Postcard signed Paul and Emilie to Mrs. August Holthaus. Postcard image shows the Liberal Arts Building at the 1904 World’s Fair in St. Louis. (German handscript) 1903 May 2 1 3 Broadside list of Republican and Democratic candidates running for various offices in Franklin County, Mo. Distributed as “Compliments Republican Central Committee Franklin County.” Vote totals for each candidate have been handwritten in. (Oversize) ca. 1936 Nov MD(E)-10 St. Louis Municipal Opera flier advertising the 26th Annual Season. Musicals scheduled are: Open Road, Good News, Vagabond King, Eileen, Hit the Deck, Naughty Marietta, Music in the Air, Maytime, Irene, The Bohemian Girl, The Red Mill , and Rio Rita . 1944 1 3 Postcard signed Alice to Mr. and Mrs. A. Holthaus. Writes that her Dad has had a surgery and transfusion, and he is recovering. They should not expect any news for another 3- 4 days. Postcard image shows Interior Floral Display House, Shaw’s Garden, St. Louis, Mo. 1945 Mar 20 1 3 Scrapbook Series 100 yuan note of The Central Bank of China. “Souvenir of China” written on reverse. 1941 1 4 Army Air Force patch. 1941-1945 1 4 Graduation announcement of Class 44-G at Blackland Army Air Field of Waco, Texas. “August R. Holthaus, Flight Officer” handwritten on the inside. 1944 Aug 4 1 4 Photograph of August R. Holthaus in World War II uniform. Portrait (headshot) by Olan Mills. 1941-1945 1 4 Photograph of unidentified World War II soldier in uniform. 1941-1945 1 4 Snapshots of August R. Holthaus in Gulfport, Mississippi. Show Holthaus in his World War II uniform, in front of the barracks, and in front of a palm tree. (3 items) 1943 Feb 14 1 4 Snapshots of August R. Holthaus in Alva, Oklahoma. Show Holthaus in his World War II uniform; crouched in the barracks; with his roommate; in front of the barracks; with his parents, August J. Holthaus and Otillie A. Roemer Holthaus; and more. (9 items) 1943 Sept 1 4 Snapshot of August R. Holthaus in his World War II uniform with his parents, August J. Holthaus and Otillie A. Roemer Holthaus, and his two sisters, Helen Rashcoe and Lucile Cook. 1944 Aug 1 4 Snapshot of August R. Holthaus in his World War II uniform with his parents, August J. Holthaus and Otillie A. Roemer Holthaus. ca. 1944 1 4 Snapshot of August R. Holthaus in his World War II uniform, standing on a paved path. ca. 1944 1 4 Snapshot of August R. Holthaus in his World War II uniform with his parents, August J. Holthaus and Otillie A. Roemer Holthaus; the family dog; and his two sisters, Helen Rashcoe and Lucile Cook. 1944 Aug 1 4 Formal portrait of August R. Holthaus in his World War II uniform. “To Lucile and John. With Love Your Brother Bud” written on reverse. ca. 1944 1 4 Small portrait of August R. Holthaus in his World War II uniform. ca. 1944 1 4 Postcard signed Bud [August R. Holthaus], Miami Beach, Florida, to Lucile and John Charles Cook, 317 W 9th St., Baxter Springs, Kansas. Writes that he has had his test, and he is living in a hotel in Florida, one block from the ocean. Postcard image shows a home in Coral Gables, and the caption reads: “‘The Best Place to Live Under the Sun’ Coral Gables, Florida.” 1942 Nov 4 1 5 Letter signed Bud [August R. Holthaus], Miami Beach, Fla., to Lucile and John Charles Cook, 317 W 9th St., Baxter Springs, Kansas. Writes about his journey from Jefferson Barracks in St. Louis to Miami Beach, Florida. He is training in the Army Air Force School, which has much better food than Jefferson Barracks. He is staying in a hotel and is living one block from the ocean. (5 pages, includes envelope) 1942 Nov 6 1 5 Postcard signed Bud [August R. Holthaus], Gulfport Field, Mississippi, to Lucile and John C. Cook, 317 W Ninth St., Baxter Springs, Kansas. Writes that he has had a change of address. He is now living only 70 miles from New Orleans. Postcard image shows the Gulfport beach with the caption: “Bert Jones Yacht Basin Seen Beyond Gulfport Yacht Club.” 1942 Nov 16 1 5 Empty envelope of Pvt. Aug. R. Holthaus, U.S. Army, 631 Tech. Sch. Sq. Flight B Barracks, Gulfport Field, Miss., to Mr. and Mrs. John C. Cook, 317 West 9th St, Baxter Springs, Kansas. Note on envelope reads, “Wanting to be a ‘cadet.’” 1943 Feb 15 1 5 Empty envelope of P.F.C. Aug. R. Holthaus, U.S. Army, 3 Rd. Gunnery Stud. Sq., LAAF, Laredo, Texas, to Mr. and Mrs. John C. Cook, 317 West 9th St, Baxter Springs, Kansas. Note above envelope reads, “Made Private First Class.” 1943 Apr 9 1 5 Postcard signed Bud [August R. Holthaus], Laredo, Texas, to Lucile and John C. Cook, 317 West 9th St., Baxter Springs, Kansas. Writes that he has graduated and has earned the rank of Sargent. He has a new address. Postcard image shows Guadalupe Church in Laredo, Texas. 1943 May 20 1 5 Postcard signed Bud H. [August R. Holthaus], Laredo, Texas, to Lucile and John C. Cook, 317 West 9th St., Baxter Springs, Kansas. Writes that he has graduated and has received his wings and Sargent rank. 1943 May 16 1 5 Empty envelope of Sgt. Aug. R. Holthaus, U.S. Army, Shippard Field, Texas, to Mr. and Mrs. John C. Cook, 317 West 9th Street, Baxter Springs, Kansas. “Here for classification Mental and Physical Tests” written on front. 1943 May 24 1 5 Empty envelope of Aug. R. Holthaus, 302nd AAFFTD #94, Bonham, Texas, to Mr. and Mrs. John C Cook, 317 West 9th St., Baxter Springs, Kansas. “Started flying Made first solo flight Jan. 26. Fly 60 hrs. here PT 19” written on front. 1944 Jan 10 1 5 Postcard signed Bud H. [August R. Holthaus], Alvia, Okla., to Lucile and John C. Cook, 317 West 9th St., Baxter Springs, Kansas. Writes that he arrived in Alvia, Oklahoma. “3 months college here” written below postcard in scrapbook. 1943 June 10 1 5 Postcard signed Bud H. [August R. Holthaus], San Antonio, Texas, to Lucile and John C. Cook, 317 West 9th St., Baxter Springs, Kansas. Writes that he has arrived in San Antonio, Texas. 1943 Sept 29 1 5 Empty envelope of A/S Aug. R. Holthaus, Hunville, Texas, to Mr. and Mrs. John C. Cook, 317 West 9th St., Baxter Springs, Kansas. “Flying BT13 More instrument flying & night flying” written below envelope in scrapbook. 1944 Mar 16 1 5 Empty envelope of A/S Aug R. Holthaus, Waco, Texas, to Mr. and Mrs. John C Cook, 317 West 9th St., Baxter Springs, Kansas. “Flying twin engineer AT 17 ‘Bamboo Bomber’ Rec. Wings here Aug. 4, 1944 as ‘Flight Officer’” written below envelope in scrapbook. 1944 May 29 1 5 Empty envelope of F/O Aug. R. Holthaus, Waco, Texas, to Mr. and Mrs. John C. Cook, 317 West 9th, Baxter Springs, Kansas. “[B]ack to Waco for Reassignment after trip ‘Home’” written above envelope in scrapbook. 1944 Aug 20 1 5 Empty envelope of F/O Aug. R. Holthaus, St. Joseph, Missouri, Rosecrans Field, to Mr. and Mrs. John C. Cook, 317 West 9th, Baxter Springs, Kansas. “Training for C:47” written above envelope in scrapbook. 1944 Aug 27 1 5 Letter signed Bud [August R. Holthaus], to Lucile and John [Cook]. Writes that he will have an address change once he goes to Reno, Nevada. New address is attached: 565 A.A.F. Base Unit, Reno Army Air Base, Reno, Nevada. 1944 Sept 1 1 5 Empty envelope of Aug. R. Holthaus, Rosecrans Field, St. Joseph, Mo., to Mr. and Mrs. John C. Cook, 317 West 9th St., Baxter Springs, Kansas. “First 50 signed in to Reno, Nev. was sent back to St. Joseph. to fly C:47” written above envelope in scrapbook. 1944 Sept 29 1 5 Empty envelope of Aug. R. Holthaus, 79 Ferrying Squadron, Municipal Field, Nashville, Tenn., to Mr. and Mrs. John C. Cook, 317 West 9th, Baxter Springs, Kansas. “To receive APO from here” written above envelope in scrapbook. 1944 Oct 1 5 Crew pass of August R. Holthaus. “Pass to get on plane to go over seas” written on reverse. ca. 1944 1 6 Notice of change of address for August. R. Holthaus from the War Department to Mr. and Mrs. John C. Cook. 1944 Oct 9 1 6 Letter signed Bud [August R. Holthaus] to Lucile and John. Writes that he has arrived in South Africa. To get there, he had to travel through Puerto Rico, Trinadad [Trinidad], Atkinson, Georgetown, Belèm, and Natal. He is making quite a bit of money and is sending some back home to save. (1 page, includes envelope postmarked Nov 18, 1944) 1944 Nov 17 1 6 Letter signed Bud H. [August R. Holthaus] to Lucile and John. Writes that he is in India. “Received Dec. 11 – 1944 in India” written above envelope in scrapbook. (1 page, includes envelope postmarked Dec 1, 1944) 1944 Nov 30 1 6 Letter signed Bud [August R. Holthaus] to Lucile and John. Writes that he is somewhere in China. He is sending home more money. The Chinese people are nice, as well as the Indians and the people from South Africa. He tried to understand some of the languages, but he is having a hard time understanding Chinese. (1 page, includes envelope postmarked Dec 9, 1944) 1944 Dec 8 1 6 Letter signed Bud [August R. Holthaus] to Lucile and John. Describes his time off, which he spends reading books and writing letters. He also goes to shows in town and listens to the radio. (2 pages, includes envelope postmarked Jan 8, 1945) 1945 Jan 7 1 6 Letter signed Bud [August R. Holthaus] to Lucile and John. Writes about the Chinese. He describes them as funny. The Chinese towns are funny as well. He is part of the “short snorter” club, which means he collects as many different kinds of money as possible. He has ten different kinds. He would like to see some of the Chinese temples but they are up on the peaks of mountains. Every time the sun hits the plane, they say it is a spirit from one of the temples passing through the propellers. He had a sore throat from the oxygen, but is otherwise OK. (4 pages, includes envelope postmarked Jan 22, 1945) 1945 Jan 18 1 6 Empty envelope of F/O Aug. R. Holthaus, New York City, N.Y., to Mr. and Mrs. John C. Cook, 317 West 9th, Baxter Springs, Kansas. “Rec. Jan. 4, 1945 in China” written above envelope in scrapbook. 1944 Dec 21 1 6 Empty envelope of F/O Aug. R. Holthaus, New York City, N.Y., to Mr. and Mrs. John C. Cook, 317 West 9th, Baxter Springs, Kansas. “Rec. Jan. 29 from China” written above envelope in scrapbook. 1945 Jan 13 1 6 Letter signed Bud [August R. Holthaus] to Lucile and John. Describes the weather changes and how one can never dress for the extremes of cold and hot. He thanks Lucile for the birthday card, and states that he is glad that his package arrived for Mother and Dad. He has a Chinese dog named “Bottoms Up” in Chinese. (2 pages, includes envelope postmarked Feb 19, 1945) 1945 Feb 18 1 6 Empty envelope of F/O Aug. R. Holthaus, New York City, N.Y., to Mr. and Mrs. John C. Cook. “Rec. Feb 8 with $10 bill from China” written above envelope in scrapbook. 1945 Jan 19 1 6 Letter signed Bud [August R. Holthaus] to Lucile and John. Describes how he and his comrades go to the junk yard and make things for their room such as a doggy door for their Chinese dog named Gambi. He then describes what the meals are like, from breakfast to dinner to supper. (2 pages, includes envelope postmarked March 1, 1945) 1945 Feb 28 1 6 Laundry service ticket in English and Chinese. Includes a list of types of clothing and linens, a blank space to fill in quantities, and a checkbox for wool or cotton materials. The following instructions are printed on the bottom of the ticket: “Please sign the original and return to the room boy when you check your laundry back.” 1944-1945 1 6 Newspaper article titled “700 U.S. Planes Ordered Over the Hump Into China.” Details an air force operation to send thousands of planes over the Himalayas into China. Mentions controversy over whether these planes will be given to Chinese nationalists with the policy of lend-lease. A note beside the article in the scrapbook reads: “Bud flew one of these. Bangalore India to Shanghai had Thanksgiving dinner here.” 1944 or 1945 Nov 26 1 6 Empty envelope of F/O Aug. R. Holthaus, New York City, N.Y., to Mr. and Mrs. John C. Cook, 317 West 9th, Baxter Springs, Kansas. “Rec March 19 with silk striped colorful scarf” written above envelope in scrapbook. 1945 Mar 9 1 6 Letter signed Bud [August R. Holthaus] to Lucile and John. Writes to them about a joke he heard from a USO show he just attended. He knows he should write more. He is an airborne officer tomorrow and needs to get some rest. “Good joke!” written above envelope in scrapbook. (2 pages, includes envelope postmarked March 18, 1945) 1945 Mar 17 1 6 Empty envelope of F/O Aug. R. Holthaus, New York City, N.Y., to Mr. and Mrs. John C. Cook, 317 West 9th, Baxter Springs, Kansas. “Received first Xmas package” written above envelope in scrapbook. 1945 Mar 21 1 6 Newspaper article reprinting a letter August R. Holthaus wrote to Mr. Miller at the newspaper ( Washington Missourian , Washington, Mo.). Holthaus writes that the Chinese are nice, but dirty, and they don’t believe in baths. Their methods of contour farming are crude but effective. The exchange rate for American and Chinese money is so disproportional that a cup of coffee costs $150 Chinese money or 30 cents American money whereas back home it costs 5 cents. The newspaper commented on the letter, explaining that contour farming may be crude, but the Chinese have been doing it much longer than Americans. Also, it is hard to imagine how the poor Chinese farmers could afford such expensive items as fountain pens. It ends by saying that Holthaus is receiving a liberal education and that they are confident that he will make the best of these opportunities. 1945 Jan 21 1 6 Typed copy of above newspaper clipping. 1945 Jan 21 1 6 Letter signed Bud [August R. Holthaus] to Lucile and John. Writes that he received the April Fools letter. He also received the candy bars and enjoyed them. Gambi (the dog) is doing well and they need to wash her before inspection. He writes about his room and his roommates. (2 pages, includes envelope postmarked April 28, 1945) 1945 Apr 20 1 7 Cartoon showing wedding clothes lying in a chapel aisle after a bride has fled. Note in scrapbook reads, “Sent from ‘China.’” ca. 1945 1 7 Letter signed Bud [Arnold R. Holthaus] to Lucile and John. Writes that he has been Airborne Officer for the last week. Gambi, the Chinese dog they adopted, has fleas. Their room has Venetian blinds, thanks to Holthaus’s ingenuity. (2 pages, includes envelope postmarked May 28, 1945) 1945 May 26 1 7 Postcard of F/O August R. Holthaus, New York City, N.Y., to Mr. August J. Holthaus. ca. 1945 1 7 Letter signed Bud [August R. Holthaus] to Lucile and John. Writes that he is sorry for not writing lately. He has been busy flying over 80 hours over the past month. They have really good food at the base and plenty of it. A note dated January 16, 1946, is included, which addresses Buddie, and asks him how he is doing. Mentions that planes are “ so safe .” (2 items, includes envelope postmarked July 31, 1945) 1945 July 29 1 7 Letter signed Bud H. [August R. Holthaus] to Lucile and John. Writes that he has been very busy being on temporary duty at another air field. He is now in school in India. If he passes, he will become a first pilot. He has been promoted to 2nd Lieutenant. (2 pages, includes envelope postmarked Aug 13, 1945) 1945 Aug 12 1 7 Letter signed Bud [August R. Holthaus] to Lucile and John. Writes that he is glad the war is over. He could not believe the news until he saw it in the paper. He hopes that they will be the first to leave, but he isn’t sure. He mentions how he would like to get a job in the airline business; otherwise, he won’t know what to do. (2 pages, includes envelope postmarked Aug 18, 1945) 1945 Aug 17 1 7 Partial letter [of August R. Holthaus] to Lucile and John. Writes that he is in Chabua, India, in the Assan Valley. (1 page) 1945 Oct 9 1 7 Letter signed Bud [August R. Holthaus] to Lucile and John. Writes that he only has completed 650 flight hours out of the required 750 flight hours necessary to go home. He does not have enough points from the Army to head home. He tried to go to Ledo, India, but the road was too bad. (3 pages, includes envelope postmarked Oct 16, 1945) 1945 Oct 16 1 7 Letter signed Bud [August R. Holthaus] to Mother and Dad. Writes that there is no chance that he will be coming home soon. He hopes that he will get enough flight hours in or be declared surplus and sent back. He visited Karachi, Pakistan, for 2 days and enjoyed it. He had plenty of food. (2 pages, includes envelope postmarked Dec 17, 1945) 1945 Dec 15 1 7 Pamphlet in Chinese with images of United States soldiers with Chinese children and adults. ca. 1944-1945 1 8 Newspaper clipping titled “Mules Flown Over ‘Hump’ To Chinese.” Describes how the Army Air Force transported around 3,000 pack animals over the Himalayas into China. ca. 1945 1 8 Letter signed Bud [August R. Holthaus] to Lucile and John. Writes that his name has been put in for rotation to go home. He has closed 3 bases so far and cannot believe that he will finally be able to go home. Includes Christmas card reading “Greatings from China” with a map of Eastern China on the front showing provinces and major cities. Inside is a photograph of a Chinese man and a baby with the message, “With Kindly Christmas Greetings and Best Wishes for the New Year.” (3 pages, includes envelope postmarked Dec 29, 1945) 1945 Dec 29 1 8 Letter signed Bud [August R. Holthaus], Calcutta, India, to Lucile and John. Writes that he is sorry for having missed Lucile’s birthday. He is still in Calcutta after being delayed for 2 days. He witnessed a Hindu funeral ritual, Antyesti , which involves setting the body on fire and sending it down the river. (2 pages, includes envelope postmarked Dec 6, 1945) 1945 Dec 4 1 8 Letter signed Bud [August R. Holthaus] to Lucile and John. Writes that he is sorry to hear that Mother is sick. He is still waiting for orders to go home. (1 page, includes envelope postmarked Jan 4, 1946) 1946 Jan 3 1 8 Letter signed Bud [August R. Holthaus] to Lucile and John. Writes that he has finally received his orders to go home. He hopes to make it in time for his father’s birthday. He also hopes he is stationed in Topeka and gets a 15-day leave. (3 pages, includes envelope postmarked Jan 15, 1946) 1946 Jan 14 1 8 Letter signed Bud [August R. Holthaus] to Lucile, John, and Wayne. Writes about his road trip to California and the problems with his car along the way. He is thinking about moving to another city. (3 pages, includes envelope postmarked Jun 21, 1946 at Stockton, Calif.) 1946 June 20 1 8 Letter signed Bud H. [August R. Holthaus] to Lucile, John, and Wayne. Writes that his name has been put in for a discharge. He is worried that it might not go through. He is planning on working in Interior Design and starting his own business. (2 pages, includes envelope postmarked Aug 29, 1946 at Stockton, Calif.) 1946 Aug 29 1 8 Western Union telegram of Bud [August R. Holthaus], Stockton, Calif., to John C Cook, 317 West 9th, Baxter Springs, Kans. States, “Getting discharged the 3 Oct out here will come home through Baxter.” Notes in scrapbook above and below telegram read “Hurrah!” and “Our Prayers’ have been answered.” 1946 Sept 30 1 8 Typed article by Bob Abbey titled “ATC Delivers the Goods.” Explains the work and duties of the ATC (Air Transport Command). The ATC is an organization that transports all kinds of machinery, personnel, materials, etc. around the world via airplane. The most commonly-used airplane is the C-46, which can carry on average 4-5 tons of material. The ATC is divided into worldwide sectors ranging from the Pacific to Central Africa. Copied from The Fly Leaf , magazine of Curtiss-Wright Corp. (3 pages) 1944 July-Aug 1 8 Magazine advertisement of the Curtiss-Wright Corporation. Shows a color drawing of C-46 airplanes being loaded with military materials and troops. Caption reads: “That Our Country Might Out-Maneuver the Enemy.” ca. 1945 1 9 Snapshots of the airplane, Lady Louise, with the crew chief waving out of the window. (2 items) ca. 1945 1 9 Snapshot of the dog who was adopted in China by August R. Holthaus and his Air Force friends. “Gambey-dogs name meaning bottoms up” written above photograph in scrapbook. ca. 1945 1 9 Snapshot of Chinese woman and a baby. “Chinese lady with baby with lilly feet” written below photograph in scrapbook. ca. 1945 1 9 Snapshots of C-46 airplanes on the tarmac of an airfield in China. (2 items) ca. 1945 1 9 Snapshot showing the cockpit of a C-46 airplane. ca. 1945 1 9 Snapshots of August R. Holthaus and his Air Force friend, Lt. C.P. Hunter of Georgetown, Michigan, in China. (4 items) ca. 1945 1 9 Western Union telegram of Bud [August R. Holthaus], Pueblo, Colo., to John C Cook, 317 West N, Baxter Springs, Kans. Reads, “Will arrive Friday Love Bud.” 1946 Oct 9 1 9 Letter signed Bud [August R. Holthaus] to Lucile and John. Writes that he is in Camp Beale, California, and he is getting ready to come back home. He will have his trunks sent home via the Army so that he will not have to carry them. He bought a civilian suit, but it will take some time getting used to wearing it. (2 pages, includes envelope postmarked Oct 1, 1946 at Stockton, Calif.) 1946 Sept 30 1 9 Snapshot of the Jewel Temple in Calcutta, India. “Stone, small pieces of colored glass, ivory carved, diamonds and silver Bud went through November 1945” written beside the photograph in the scrapbook. 1945 Nov 1 9 Snapshot of a Chinese woman with a water buffalo. “Chinese lady grazing water buffalo” written beside the photograph in the scrapbook. ca. 1945 1 9 Snapshot of a Chinese farmer tilling rice patties. “Old Chinese farmers tilling rice patties, photos taken by Bud” written beside the photograph in the scrapbook. ca. 1945 1 9 Snapshots of airstrip in Chongqing, China, where August R. Holthaus was stationed. (3 items) ca. 1945 1 9 Snapshot of rice patties and Kunming Lake in Chongqing, China. ca. 1945 1 9 Snapshots of American Army barracks in Chongqing, China. (2 items) ca. 1945 1 9 Snapshots of airstrip in Chongqing, China, where August R. Holthaus was stationed. (4 items) ca. 1945 1 9 100 yuan note of The Central Bank of China. Printed in London by Waterblow and Sons Limited. 1936 1 9 100 yuan note of The Central Bank of China. Printed by Security Banknote Company. 1941 1 9 $10 bill issued by The Central Bank of China. Printed by American Banknote Company. 1928 1 9 Postcard with picture showing the Barracks, Engineering Circle, Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri. ca. 1945 1 10 V-Mail Service mail packet for use by American soldiers. 1941-1945 1 10 Booklet titled Acres of Cadets , published by the San Antonio Aviation Cadet Center. Outlines the history of the Cadet Center, and includes many photographs of cadets in training. Includes envelope, originally sent to Mr. and Mrs. Aug. J. Holthaus by August R. Holthaus, San Antonio, Texas. 1941-1945 1 10 Airplane Flight and Engineering Report Form 1 Pad with blank sheets of AAF forms 1 and 1a. Back of the packet shows an illustration of “Visual Emergency Signals, When and How to Use Them.” 1941-1945 1 10 Business card of August J. Holthaus, St. Louis Mutual Life Insurance Company, Gray Summit, Mo. ca. 1945 1 11 Calendar card of the Automobile Club of Missouri, “compliments of Aug. J. Holthaus Auto Club Representative.” On the front is an image of the Automobile Club of Missouri Building, located at 3917 Lindell Blvd., St. Louis, Mo. The back of the card shows the 1945 calendar. 1945 1 11 Blank stationery with letterhead of Aug. J. Holthaus, Life and Automobile Insurance, Gray Summit, Mo. ca. 1945 1 11 Original scrapbook binding for scrapbook regarding military service of Lt. A.R. Holthaus. Contains a photograph on the inside cover of August Roemer Holthaus in his Air Force uniform and headset; a poem on the last page about Bud’s military service; and loose pages from which items have been removed. 1943-1946 1 12