date(s):
1939-1946
creator(s):
Stewart, Charles A., Jr., 1921-1978
subject(s):
Armed Forces; World War, 1939-1945; Prisoners of War; Scrapbooks
type(s):
Documentary Artifacts; Collection
A3017 Stewart, Charles A., Jr. Papers Inventory of Charles A. Stewart, Jr., Papers A3017 EAD by Jaime Bourassa using ArchivesSpace Missouri Historical Society Library and Research Center 2017 225 S. Skinker Blvd. St. Louis, MO 63105 archives@mohistory.org URL: This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on 2018-09-29 06:32:43 -0500 . English Describing Archives: A Content Standard English Missouri Historical Society Library and Research Center Charles A. Stewart, Jr., Papers Stewart, Charles A., Jr., 1921-1978 A3017 1.4 Cubic Feet (3 boxes) 1939-1946 Some Chinese Processing Information Processed by Madison Sullivan, March 2013. Donor Information Collection was donated to the Missouri Historical Society in October 2009 by Mr. Charles A. Stewart, III, of Adrian, Michigan. Biographical Sketch Charles Albert Stewart, Jr., was born October 1, 1921, in St. Louis, Missouri, to parents Charles A. Stewart, Sr., and Grace Stewart. He had one brother, Robert Stewart. Charles A. Stewart, Jr., attended Hadley Technical High School in St. Louis, Missouri, before joining the U.S. Marine Corps on January 15, 1940. He began his training in San Diego, California, followed by eight months of service in Tianjin, China. He was taken prisoner by the Japanese on December 8, 1941, while serving as an American Embassy Guard in Beijing, China. His four years of imprisonment by the Japanese in China included time at Woosung Prison Camp, Ward Road Jail, torture at the Japanese “Bridge House,” and two failed escape attempts before he was liberated by U.S. rescue teams on August 18, 1945. He married Delores H. Peterson on April 2, 1946, in Randolph County, Arkansas, before settling in St. Louis, Missouri. He died June 6, 1978, in Houston, Texas. Scope and Contents The collection consists of correspondence from Charles A. Stewart, Jr., to his family, various newspaper articles and clippings, and a scrapbook, that document his military service during World War II and his time as a prisoner of war. The correspondence includes letters from Charles A. Stewart Jr. to his family in which he discusses general conditions as a prisoner of war, but without detail presumably due to censorship. The correspondence also includes a letter from Commander Winfield Scott Cunningham, with whom Charles A. Stewart, Jr., was briefly imprisoned. The scrapbook, presumably put together by Mrs. Grace Stewart, was donated unbound and the original order has been lost. It includes photographs of Charles A. Stewart, Jr., during his service and World War II ephemera. The scrapbook also includes a signed letter from President Harry S. Truman to Charles A. Stewart, Jr., November 29, 1945, expressing gratitude for Stewart’s military service. The newspaper articles headline pivotal moments of World War II before and after the United States’ declaration of war. Arrangement The collection is arranged in the following series: Correspondence, Biographical Newspaper Articles, Mrs. Grace Stewart Papers, Miscellaneous, Reference, Scrapbook, and World War II Newspaper Articles. Within each series, the arrangement is chronological. Conditions Governing Access The collection is open for research use. Conditions Governing Use For permission to publish, quote from, or reproduce material in this collection, please contact the Archives Reference Desk at archives@mohistory.org . Copyright restrictions may apply. The researcher assumes full responsibility for comforming to the laws of copyright. Physical and Technical Requirements There are no physical or technical restrictions. Preferred Citation Charles A. Stewart, Jr., Papers, Missouri Historical Society Archives, St. Louis. Prisoners of war -- China Prisoners of war -- Japan Prisoners of war -- United States United States -- Armed Forces World War, 1939-1945 -- France Correspondence Series Hand-painted holiday card signed P.F.C. Charles A. Stewart, Jr., American Embassy Guard, Peking, China, to Mrs. Charles A. Stewart, Sr., 3501 Itaska St., St. Louis, Missouri. 1941 Nov 1 1 Envelopes from Charles A. Stewart, Jr., China, to his family in St. Louis, Missouri, and vice versa. His parent’s address listed as 3501 Itaska St., St. Louis, Missouri. Stewart’s address while imprisoned is listed as Shanghai Gaol, 147 Ward Road, Foreign Section. 1942-1945 1 1 Typescript letter signed Charles A. Stewart, Jr., Ward Road Gaol, Shanghai, China, to Mrs. Charles A. Stewart, Sr., 3501 Itaska St., St. Louis, Missouri. Discusses his desire for news from home and the weather in Shanghai. Mentions “Aunt Nell.” 1943 Mar 26 1 1 Typescript letter signed P.F.C. Charles A. Stewart, Jr., Shanghai War-prisoner’s Camp, to Mr. Charles A. Stewart, Sr., 3501 Itaska St., St. Louis, Missouri. Birthday note written to his father. 1943 Aug 27 1 1 Typescript letter signed Charles A. Stewart, Jr., to Mrs. Charles A. Stewart, 3501 Itaska Street, St. Louis, Missouri. Christmas message to family. 1943 Dec 7 1 1 Typescript notecard signed Charles A. Stewart, Jr., prisoner of war, Shanghai Gaol (Foreign Section), 147 Ward Road, Shanghai, China, to Mrs. Charles A. Stewart, Sr., 3501 Itaska St., St. Louis, Missouri. Congratulates his parents on their silver wedding anniversary on February 14. 1944 Feb 9 1 1 Typescript letter signed Charles Albert Stewart, Jr., Shanghai War-prisoner’s Camp, to Mrs. Charles A. Stewart, 3501 Itaska St., St. Louis, Missouri. Wishes his mother and brother Bob a happy birthday and that he has not received a letter from the family in nearly three years. Mentions “Aunt Nell.” 1944 Mar 4 1 1 Western Union telegram from Gullion [Allen W. Gullion], provost marshal general for the U.S. Army, Washington, D.C., to Mrs. Charles A. Stewart, Sr., 3501 Itaska St., STL [St. Louis, Missouri]. States that an intercepted broadcast from Japan contained the following message from Charles A. Stewart, Jr.: “I’m all right and hope you are the same. Don’t worry about me. . . . Let’s hope that I’ll be home soon.” 1944 May 1 1 Typescript notecard signed Charles A. Stewart, Jr., Shanghai War-prisoner’s Camp, Foreign Section, Shanghai Gaol, 147 Chang Yang Road, Shanghai, China, to Mrs. Charles A. Stewart, Sr., 3501 Itaska St., St. Louis, Missouri. Inquires about the fourth of July and mentions his desire to fish at the “Bagnol Dam” [Bagnell Dam, Lake of the Ozarks, Missouri] when he returns home. 1944 July 1 1 1 Letter signed W.S. Cunningham [Winfield Scott Cunningham], commander, U.S. Navy, Kunming, China, to “To whom it may concern.” Discusses Charles A. Stewart’s aptitude for employment. “I do not hesitate to express my opinion that any future employer of Stewart will be fully satisfied with his work.” 1945 Aug 29 1 1 Typescript letter signed Jas. A. Mackay [James A. Mackay], vice president, The National City Bank of New York, to Corp. Charles A. Stewart, 3501 Itaska St., St. Louis, Missouri. Saw the story of Charles A. Stewart’s imprisonment in China in The Greenville Advocate given to him by “Mr. Ross of the Borden Company in Larchmont.” He discusses what happened to him after he left Bridgehouse in China, where Stewart was imprisoned. He mentions getting a recent visit from Commander Smith [Columbus Darwin Smith, U.S. Navy, commanding officer of the River Gunboat U.S.S. Wake , which was captured on December 8, 1941] who escaped from Ward Road jail and had previously been in “cell No. 5 at Bridgehouse.” 1945 Nov 14 1 1 Typescript letter signed Charles A. Stewart, Jr., Shanghai War-prisoner’s Camp, to Mrs. Charles A. Stewart, Sr., 3501 Itaska St., St. Louis, Missouri. Mentions brother Bob will be joining the military sometime next year. No date 1 1 Letter signed Charles A. Stewart, Jr., Shanghai Municipal Gaol, Ward Road, Foreign Section, to his parents and brother Bob. No date 1 1 Biographical Newspaper Articles Series St. Louis Star-Times newspaper clipping titled “Tokio Likely to Treat Captives Humanely, U.S. Says.” Lists Charles Albert Stewart, Jr., as one of the prisoners of war, captured at Peiping, China, December 8, [1941]. 1942 Feb 19 1 2 St. Louis Post-Dispatch newspaper clipping titled “St. Louisan Whom Japs Recaptured Twice Is Back Home After 5 Years.” Details Cpl. Charles A. Stewart’s early military service, his capture and imprisonment by the Japanese in China, and his two escape attempts, both of which were made with Marine Platoon Sgt. Jerold B. Story of Bloomington, Illinois (includes photograph in story). [1945?] 1 2 The Greenville Advocate (Greenville, Illinois) newspaper clippings titled “Cpl. Chas. A. Stewart, Jap Prisoner Nearly Four Years, Tells of Tortures.” Corporal Stewart is listed as being a grandson of Robert Breuer and a great nephew of Mrs. Anna Birnstiehl of Greenville, Illinois. Mentions Hal P. Mills, Kansas City, Missouri, as a friend who accompanied Stewart to Greenville to be interviewed for the article. Other prisoners of war mentioned are four Doolittle flyers and J.B. Powell, a New York newspaper man. Mentions Stewart was cellmate with Commander W.S. Cunningham [Winfield Scott Cunningham], U.S. Navy captain, Sgt. R.L. Coulson of the Marines, C.T. Brewer, pharmacists mate second class, Cpl. Chas. W. Brimmer, Cpl. C.G. Battles of the Marines and Pat Herndon, a civilian contractor. 1945 Oct 25 1 2 Newspaper [Chinese advertisements on back] clipping titled “Americans Mark Glorious Fourth.” Details Fourth of July celebrations by U.S. Marines at the United States Marine Guard sports ground in Peking. No date 1 2 Mrs. Grace Stewart Papers Series Typescript copy of KMOX radio broadcast written by Ellen Lee Brashear, program titled “Navy Relief.” Mrs. Charles A. Stewart, Sr., speaks about fundraising for the Greater St. Louis Navy Relief Fund at 418 Olive St., St. Louis, Missouri. Discusses details about her son Charles A. Stewart’s military career and imprisonment. 1942 Mar 14 1 3 Award of the Navy “E” Burgee for Excellence to Busch-Sulzer Bros. – Diesel Engine Company of St. Louis, Missouri, located at 3300 South Second St. Charles A. Stewart, Sr., is listed among the employees recognized. 1942 May 8 1 3 Award of the American National Red Cross to Mrs. Charles Stewart “in recognition of meritorious personal service performed on behalf of the nation, her armed forces, and suffering humanity in the Second World War.” 1946 Aug 14 1 3 Small United States flag. No date 1 3 Miscellaneous Series Pamphlet titled “What shall we do with TIN CANS?” Expresses the need for tin cans for the war effort and how they can be prepared for collection. 1942 1 4 Flier titled “What You Should Know About Wartime Price Control.” Suggestions and information regarding grocery shopping, etc., during World War II. 1942 June 1 4 Letter signed “Mom” to “Dad.” No date 1 4 Statement of Charles A. Stewart, Jr., age 24, of 3635 Humphrey, St. Louis, Missouri, regarding his claim of mistreatment while prisoner of war of the Japanese government. Details military service, promotions. circa 1946 1 5 Reference Series Documents gathered by archivist (not part of donation). 2013 1 6 Scrapbook Series Newspaper clipping with Globe [ St. Louis Globe-Democrat ] handwritten at top, titled “2 Marines Reunited Here, Recall Prison Camp Experiences.” Details the prisoner of war experiences in China of Marine Cpl. Charles A. Stewart, Jr., and Marine Platoon Sgt. Jerold B. Story, Bloomington, Illinois (includes photograph in story) (one of two copies). No date 2 Page 1 Holiday card “from Shanghai Americans to the Prisoners of War,” signed Hyla S. Watters. No date 2 Page 1 Chinese identification card of Charles A. Stewart, Jr. (includes photograph) No date 2 Page 2 Photograph of two military men [China?], with notation on backside, “Left to right Sparkman and Pratte.” No date 2 Page 2 Photograph of C.A. Stewart, Tientsin, [China]. 1940 2 Page 3 Photograph of unidentified man, presumably Charles A. Stewart, Jr., in military outfit standing in front of tents. No date 2 Page 3 Photograph of four military men, D.R. Smith, R. Smith, C.A. Stewart, Bill Stew, Tientsin, [China]. 1940 2 Page 3 Photograph of Pvt. R. Spratt. No date 2 Page 3 Photograph of Chinese street scene, note on scrapbook page reads, “Ye Olde Hock Shop, China.” 1940 2 Page 3 Photograph of Chinese street scene, Rickashaw, [China]. 1940 2 Page 3 Photograph of three unidentified men, two military. No date 2 Page 3 Photograph of barracks, presumably in Tientsin, China. No date 2 Page 3 Photograph of unidentified man, presumably Charles A. Stewart, Jr., leaning on wooden fence. No date 2 Page 3 Marine detachment card for the American embassy in Peking, China, signed by J.R. Hester [James R. Hester, also taken prisoner on December 8, 1941], Capt., U.S.M.C. COMDG. First class liberty pass for C.A. Stewart Pvt. U.S.M.C. No date 2 Page 4 Photograph of unidentified Chinese woman. No date 2 Page 4 Photograph of three unidentified persons; man on right is presumably Charles A. Stewart, Jr., in front of Chinese statue and building. No date 2 Page 4 Photograph of Chinese street scene with military men marching. No date 2 Page 4 Photograph of military men entering building. No date 2 Page 4 Various cards demonstrating American World War II propaganda and anti-German/Japanese sentiment. Encourages American workers to do their part for the war effort. No date 2 Page 5 Various cards demonstrating American World War II propaganda and anti-German/Japanese sentiment. Encourages American workers to do their part for the war effort. Card located at bottom of page includes a Franklin D. Roosevelt pin and two Wendell Willkie pins. No date 2 Page 6 Card titled, “Imperial Domain of Golden Dragon, this is to certify that Charles A. Stewart Jr., Pvt., was duly inducted into the silent mysteries of the far east having crossed the 180th meridian at 1:29 A.M., Thursday, 11 April, 1940 . . . on board the U.S.S. Henderson.” No date 2 Page 7 Letter to Mr. Charles A. Stewart, Sr., 3501 Itaska St., St. Louis, Missouri, with stamp stating, “Crossed 180 Meridian” from the U.S.S. Henderson. No date 2 Page 7 Paper with heading, “Army & Navy YMCA Manila, Philippines.” No date 2 Page 8 Card titled, “Army & Navy Y.M.C.A., Walled City, Manila, Philippines.” No date 2 Page 8 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper clipping titled, “Three St. Louis Marines Begin Service in China.” Marines mentioned are Charles A. Stewart, 3501 Itaska St., Ralph Pratteof, 1042 Ann Ave., and Roy B. McCarthy, 416A Lee Ave. Length of duty was set at three years. 1940 July 25 2 Page 8 Two Pilsener beer labels from Peking, [China]. 1940 2 Page 8 Ticket labeled, “Dress Circle, Majestic, Admission $1.00.” No date 2 Page 8 Unknown card with Chinese inscriptions. No date 2 Page 8 Typescript letter signed Harry Truman, The White House, Washington, D.C., to P.F.C. Charles A. Stewart, U.S.M.C., with the following address crossed out: Marine Barracks, Naval Ammunition Depot, McAlester, Oklahoma. The following was then written: Cas. Co. Mc., USNH. Norman, Oklahoma. The President expresses gratitude for Charles A. Stewart’s military service. 1945 Nov 29 2 Page 9 Empty letter form with inscription, “Prisoner of war post, Kriegsgefangenenpost, Service des Prisonniers de Guerre.” No date 2 Page 9 Photograph of an unidentified couple, presumably the parents of Charles A. Stewart, Jr. Inscription on back of photograph states, “Mom & Dad, Roosevelt Beach, November 3rd, 1940.” 1940 Nov 3 2 Page 10 Portrait of unidentified man in military uniform. No date 2 Page 10 Portion of envelope from Miss Rose By Lee, 31 Dickinson Rd., Tientsin, China. 1942 Dec 7 2 Page 10 Painted doily. No date 2 Page 10 Typescript letter signed Emmett W. Skinner, lieut. colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, Headquarters of the U.S. Marine Corps, Washington, to Mr. Stewart [Charles A. Stewart, Sr.]. The letter notifies Charles A. Stewart, Jr., being taken prisoner of war by Japanese military forces. 1941 Dec 17 2 Page 11 Western Union telegram from A.A. Vandegrift [Alexander Archer Vandegrift], general, commandant of the Marine Corps, Washington, D.C., to Mr. and Mrs. Charles Stewart, 3501 Itaska St. Explains that Charles A. Stewart, Jr., has been contacted in the Peking area by a U.S. army emergency liaison team from China. 1945 Aug 24 2 Page 11 Western Union telegram from A.A. Vandegrift [Alexander Archer Vandegrift], general, commandant of the Marine Corps, Washington, D.C., to Mr. and Mrs. Charles Stewart, 3501 Itaska St. Explains that Charles A. Stewart, Jr., has been liberated from Japanese custody and returned to American control on August 20, 1945. 1945 Aug 30 2 Page 12 Typescript document titled, “Restricted, Headquarters Service of Supply, United States Forces in China Theater.” Document may detail those liberated from Japanese custody. Charles A. Stewart is listed at the bottom of the page among the following individuals: Maj. Frank K. Everest, 2d Lt. John D. S. Beers, 2d Lt. Robert L. Gardner, Cpl. Charles W. Brimmer, Mr. John S. Crom, Navy Dept. Civ. Empl., Mr. Raymond R. Rutledge, Navy Dept. Div. Empl. Other individuals mentioned in document from the top: 1st Lt. Clarence W. Garland, Maj. George B. Jordan, Pfc. William C. Crosslin, Pfc. Lloyd E. Elledge, Maj. Guy L. Leonard, Sgt. Francis P. Long, Tec 5 James C. Rea, Pvt. Thomas D. Matthews, 2d Lt. Herbert S. Dunning. 1945 Aug 29 2 Page 13 Document signed Ray A. Robinson, U.S. Marine Corps, Marine Detachment, American embassy, Peiping, China, to Charles A. Stewart, Jr. Certificate of appointment to private first class. 1941 May 2 2 Page 14 Western Union telegram from Cordell Hull, secretary of state, Washington, D.C., to Mrs. Charles Stewart, 3501 Ituska [Itaska] St. Telegram delivers holiday message from Charles A. Stewart, Jr., Ward Road Jail, Shanghai. No date 2 Page 14 Pamphlet for the “St. Louis Chapter American Red Cross Award Ceremony, September 28, 8 P.M., Opera House Municipal Auditorium.” No date 2 Page 15 Delivery slip for “Stewart” from Privates’ Club. No date 2 Page 15 Certification of cowpox vaccination and cholera prophylaxis for Charles A. Stewart, Jr., signed Leo C. Thyson, commander (MC), U.S. Navy, medical officer. 1941 July 5 2 Page 15 Card signed Chaplain F. W. Meehling, U.S.N., from U.S.S. Henderson, San Francisco, California. Card reads, “Dear Friend, Your marine went to Confession and Holy Communion today. You should be glad to know that even though away from home he has not forgotten his allegiance to his God.” No date 2 Page 15 “I bought an extra bond,” World War II note. No date 2 Page 15 Award of the American National Red Cross to Mrs. Charles Stewart “in recognition of meritorious personal service performed on behalf of the nation, her armed forces, and suffering humanity in the Second World War.” 1945 June 2 Page 16 Hospital admission card signed S.B. Tenner, 2nd Lt. MAC, Army Service Forces, Second Service Command, Halloran General Hospital, 1258th S. C. U., Staten Island, New York, for Pfc. Charles A. Stewart. Dated September 6, 1945. International money order receipt. $5 sent from St. Louis, Missouri, to China. 1940 Aug 31 2 Page 16 Bus ticket for Norman City Lines [Oklahoma]. Signed E. Ahestrom [?]. No date 2 Page 16 Newspaper clipping from U.S.S. Henderson. 1940 Mar 30 2 Page 17 Card with map of distances from Hawaii to bordering countries and cities. No date 2 Page 17 Envelope from Army and Navy Y.M.C.A., Honolulu, Hawaii, to Mrs. Charles A. Stewart, Sr., 3501 Itaska St., St. Louis, Missouri. Postmarked April 4, 1940. 1940 2 Page 17 Document with YMCA Army & Navy heading, Honolulu, Hawaii. No date 2 Page 17 Souvenir note with Honolulu, Hawaii, addresses. Club Buffet, 115 South King Street, and Napua Hotel, 1030 South King Street. No date 2 Page 17 Programs for two boxing competitions on the U.S.S. Henderson. 1940 Apr 10 and 17 2 Page 18 Tobacco ration card signed Philip DiBova, Mitchel Field, New York. 1945 Sept 5 2 Page 18 Souvenir with unknown inscription. No date 2 Page 18 Newspaper header clippings from The North China Star , Tientsin, and The Peking Chronicle . 1940 Sept 22; 1941 Feb 23 2 Page 19 Collier’s clipping titled, “Slow Death in a Jap Cage.” No date 2 Page 20 Newspaper clipping with Globe [ St. Louis Globe-Democrat ] handwritten at top, titled “2 Marines Reunited Here, Recall Prison Camp Experiences.” Details the prisoner of war experiences in China of Marine Cpl. Charles A. Stewart, Jr. and Marine Platoon Sgt. Jerold B. Story, Bloomington, Illinois (includes photograph in story) (second copy, see previous). No date 2 Page 21 St. Louis Post-Dispatch newspaper clipping titled “St. Louisan Whom Japs Recaptured Twice Is Back Home After 5 Years.” Details Cpl. Charles A. Stewart’s early military service, his capture and imprisonment by the Japanese in China, and his two escape attempts, both of which were made with Marine Platoon Sgt. Jerold B. Story of Bloomington, Illinois (includes photograph in story) (second copy, see previous). No date 2 Page 21 Newspaper clipping titled, “Marine Home; Fled Jap Jail Twice.” Details story of Cpl. Charles Stewart, 3501 Itaska St., and Sgt. Jerald Story of Bloomington, Illinois (includes photograph in story). No date 2 Page 21 Signage, World War II war effort, titled, “. . . Now We’re in the Scrap . . . for ours is on its way to Berlin and Tokyo” and “We’re Ready with Scrap . . . But our job isn’t done ‘til our Scrap is delivered.” No date 2 Page 22 Newspaper clippings titled, “Bismarck and Reagan Have Record to Match Cleveland,” “All-Around Coach, Long-Range Five Reasons Cleveland Has Gone Far,” and “Ready for Next Test---In District.” Details information about Coach Earl Jansen. No date 2 Page 23 Newspaper clipping titled, “From Mad Dream of World Rule: Pictorial Review of the Rise and Fall in World War II of Adolph Hitler.” No date 2 Page 24 Souvenir document with heading, “Small Craft Training Center, Roosevelt Base, Terminal Island, San Pedro, California.” 1944 Oct 22 2 Page 25 The Houston Post newspaper clipping titled, “10,000 Sailors Pass in Review at Camp Wallace.” No date 2 Page 25 Photographs from newspaper clipping of women at the St. Louis Red Cross center. Pictured in the first photograph: Mrs. Arthur L. Huff, 5223 Terry Ave.; Mrs. Henry Durrwachter, 1488 Stewart Pl.; Mrs. Charles Stewart, 3501 Itaska St.; and Mrs. Herman Kohn, 5712 Kingsbury Ave. Pictured in the second photograph: John C. Tobin, Robert White, William C. D’Arcy, L. Wade Childress, and Dr. B.F. Hall, pastor of Central Presbyterian Church. No date 2 Page 26 Invitation from the Citizens’ Birthday Observance Committee for the 168th Birthday Observance of the U.S. Marine Corps, at the Fox Theatre. 1943 Nov 10 2 Page 27 Newspaper clipping titled, “Gifts to Let Our War Prisoners Know That St. Louis Hasn’t Forgotten Them.” Pictures workers at the Red Cross packaging center, 3501 South Broadway. Names listed: Mrs. E. C. Cross, Affton, Missouri; Mrs. Henry L. Durrwachter, Sr., 1488 Stewart Pl.; Mrs. Charles A. Stewart, Sr., 3501 Itaska St.; and Mr. and Mrs. Spitzfadden, 5617 South Broadway (includes photographs). No date 2 Page 28 Note titled, “Pack those raisins in, Babe.” No date 2 Page 28 Receipt for prisoner of war package from the American Red Cross. No date 2 Page 28 Ticket for the 168th Anniversary of the U.S. Marine Corps at the Fox Theatre. (see invitation on Page 18) 1943 Nov 10 2 Page 28 Letter from John Mogab to Mr. and Mrs. Stewart on Tank Destroyer Center, Camp Hood, Texas, stationery. 1943 2 Page 29 Certificate of Recognition, St. Louis Chapter, American Red Cross, in appreciation of the loyal service of Mrs. Charles Stewart, for service between August 2, 1943, and June 11, 1945. No date 2 Page 29 Card signed Ollie Ziegler to C. A. Stewart. No date 2 Page 30 Production News clipping titled, “Finish For a Cylinder Liner.” Includes photograph of Charles Stewart, Sr., at work [Busch-Sulzer Bros. – Diesel Engine Company of St. Louis, Missouri]. (includes photograph in article) 1943 May 20 2 Page 30 Document by Ward Greene titled, “Decoration Day 1944.” No date 2 Page 31 Newspaper clipping titled, “Four Dillingham Boys Serve in United States Army, Navy.” Tells the story of Mr. and Mrs. Syd Dillingham, 209 South Chickasaw, and their four sons who have enlisted in U.S. military service. Their children are listed: John [J.R.] Dillingham, Dick Dillingham, Syd Dillingham, Jr., Bev Dillingham, Marvin Dillingham, Dorothy Dillingham, and Stewart Dillingham. No date 2 Page 31 Prisoners of War Bulletin , “Published by the American National Red Cross for the Relatives of American Prisoners of War and Civilian Internees.” Front page details what was contained in a Red Cross package sent to prisoner of war. 1943 Aug 2 Page 32 Postage stamp for parcels. No date 2 Page 33 Document regarding World War II civilian defense titled, “Know Your Air Raid Warning Signal.” No date 2 Page 34 Booklet titled, “Extracts from the Code of the Laws of the United States of America, Covering Espionage, Sabotage, Treason, Rebellion, Seditious Conspiracy and Subversive Activities.” Distributed by Busch-Sulzer Bros.-Diesel Engineering Co., St. Louis, Missouri. No date 2 Page 35 Gas ration stamps, World War II. No date 2 Page 35 Document titled, “It May Be a Little Early, but Here’s This Year’s Christmas Jingle.” No date 2 Page 35 Document titled, “Share the Meat for Victory,” regarding rationing of meats for the World War II effort. No date 2 Page 35 Clipping detailing recreational activities of the American Embassy Guard in Peiping, [China]. 1941 July 7 2 Page 36 Clippings of illustrations from the Marine’s magazine, The Leatherneck . No date 2 Page 37 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper clipping, cropped headline reads, “Japs Hold 2,209 Americans.” No date 2 Page 37 Newspaper clipping titled, “U.S. Marines to Be Recalled from China.” No date 2 Page 37 St. Louis Post-Dispatch newspaper clipping titled, “Men from St. Louis Area Captured by Japanese.” Names listed: Roy B. McCarthy, Charles A. Stewart, Harold L. Darter, Henry L. Durrwachter, John Warsing, Lester C. Owen, Arthur Schubert, Willard Watts, Bernard H. Manning, Harry B. Lebovitz, John S. Johnson, John I. Unger, Robert S. Box, Jr., Alvin Sawyer, Buell S. Brown, Nelson Johnson, Charles Kidwell, John D. Rucker, Leo L. Nonn, Marvin P. McCalla. (includes photographs in article) No date 2 Page 38 Various newspaper clippings. Includes heading of the The Honolulu Advertiser and The Tribune [Manila, Philippines]. 1940 Apr 4, 25 2 Page 39 Handkerchief from Los Angeles. 1940 2 Page 40 Booklet titled, “The Marine’s Hymn.” No date 2 Page 40 Card signed, “Your loving son and brother, Charlie [Charles A. Stewart, Jr.].” No date 2 Page 40 Newspaper clipping [St. Louis] titled, “Under the Nazi Yoke in Greece, These Are the Costs of Bare Necessities.” No date 2 Page 40 Marine’s card, Kansas City. 1940 Jan 15 2 Page 41 Partial map of the U.S., handwritten notation: “New Mexico, January 16, 1940.” 1940 Jan 16 2 Page 41 Mileage chart, handwritten notation: “Arizona, January 18, 1940.” 1940 Jan 18 2 Page 41 Los Angeles City Hall postcard, Los Angeles. 1940 Jan 19 2 Page 41 Pullman [The Pullman Company] check from San Diego to San Francisco. No date 2 Page 41 Headings of various Californian newspapers including Los Angeles Examiner , Oakland Tribune , and San Francisco Chronicle . 1940 Feb 25; 1940 March 17, 27 2 Page 42 St. Louis Globe-Democrat newspaper clipping titled, “St. Louisan Killed in Action, Three Captured, One Safe.” Information about prisoners of war Charles A. Stewart, Jr., and Buell S. Brown. Also mentions Michael Bazetta, son of Mrs. Aneta Bazzetta and Joseph Bazzeta, 5008 Pattison Ave. No date 2 Page 43 World War II war effort card, “I’m carrying my share for Victory.” No date 2 Page 43 Newspaper clipping titled, “Japan Claims 137 More U.S. Marines Interned.” No date 2 Page 43 Newspaper clipping titled, “Two St. Louis Men Prisoners of War.” Names mentioned include: Mrs. Pearl Brown, 7601 Virginia Ave., Buell S. Brown, Mrs. Aneta Bazzetta, 5008 Pattison Ave., Michael Lewis Bazzetta, Charles A. Stewart, Jr., Mr. and Mrs. Adam T. Landers, 2428 State St., Granite City, Paul H. Landers, Henry L. Durrwachter. (includes photographs in article) 1942 Jan 15 2 Page 44 Newspaper clipping titled, “St. Louis Marine Prisoner of Japs.” Regarding prisoner of war Charles A. Stewart, Jr. (includes photograph in article) No date 2 Page 44 Newspaper clipping titled, “U.S. Marines Taken at Peiping, Reporting Put to Hard Labor.” No date 2 Page 44 World War II anti-Japanese propaganda, “Washroom good ally of Japanese.” No date 2 Page 45 World War II anti-German propaganda, “Ach – it makes me glad when you have an accident.” No date 2 Page 45 Telegraph message via the International Red Cross Committee, Geneva, from Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Stewart, Sr., to Charles Albert Stewart, Jr. “Family well praying your return chin up love.” No date 2 Page 45 World War II propaganda, “Memo to Mr. Sourpuss.” No date 2 Page 45 World War II propaganda, “Efficiency Will Bury These Rats.” No date 2 Page 45 Christmas card signed, “Your loving Rose,” “To Charles my darling.” No date 2 Page 46 Unattached Scrapbook Documents Military currency, fifty sen (two) and ten sen (two). No date 2 1 Letter and envelope signed by Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Stewart, Sr., and Bob to Charles A. Stewart, Jr., Ward Road Gaol, Foreign Section, Shanghai, China, prisoner of war. 1944 Apr 30 2 1 Letter signed by Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Stewart, Sr., and Bob to Charles A. Stewart, Jr. 1944 May 18 2 1 Envelope from Mrs. Charles Stewart, Sr., 3501 Itaska St., St. Louis, Missouri, to Charles A. Stewart, Jr. Stamped with sticker stating, “Returned to sender by censor.” No date 2 1 Document regarding World War II civilian defense titled, “Meet Your Air Raid Warden!” by F.H. LaGuardia [Fiorello Henry LaGuardia], U.S. director of civilian defense. No date 2 1 Booklet regarding World War II civilian defense titled, “What to Do in a Blackout,” by the St. Louis Office of Civilian Defense, William D. Becker, mayor, and Col. H.D. McBride, co-ordinator. No date 2 1 Signage for the World War II war effort titled, “We Are Buying U.S. Saving Bonds and Stamps.” No date 2 1 Signage for the World War II war effort titled, “We’re Buying at Least 10%.” No date 2 1 Newspaper clipping titled, “Mothers of War Prisoners Help Pack Food at Red Cross Center.” Mentions St. Louis families who have had sons taken as prisoners of war. The following names are mentioned: Mrs. Henry Durrwachter of 1488 Stewart Pl., mother of Marine Corporal Henry Durrwachter, Jr.; Mrs. Charles A. Stewart of 3501 Itaska St., mother of Private Charles A. Stewart, Jr.; Mrs. Arthur L. Huff of 5225 Terry Ave., mother of Army Captain Arthur E. Huff; Mrs. Herman Kohn of 5712 Kingsbury Ave., mother of Staff Sergeant Sidney Kohn; and Mrs. C. Oscar Lamy. No date 2 1 World War II Newspaper Articles Series St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “Germany Invades Poland.” 1939 Sept 1 3 1 St. Louis Post-Dispatch newspaper issue, headline reads, “Warsaw Bombed, German Army Pushes on into Poland.” 1939 Sept 1 3 1 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “London, Paris Plan New Ultimatum.” 1939 Sept 2 3 1 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “Almost All Saved on Torpedoed Ship.” 1939 Sept 4 3 1 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “French Wounded Arrive, Hitler’s Armies 21 Miles from Warsaw.” 1939 Sept 7 3 1 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “Big British Aircraft Carrier Sunk, Poland Crushed; Government Flees.” 1939 Sept 18 3 2 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “Germany Wants Lasting Peace --- Hitler.” 1939 Sept 19 3 2 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “Twenty-One Years Ago Today Americans Started Argonne Drive” and “The American Legion Marches.” 1939 Sept 26 3 2 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “Nazis to Consult Russia and Italy at Once.” 1939 Oct 12 3 2 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “Nazi Planes Raid Scottish Coast; 3 Shot Down.” 1939 Oct 16 3 2 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “Graf Spee Captain Ends Life.” 1939 Sept 20 3 2 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “Reds Open Drive Over Frozen Lakes.” 1939 Dec 27 3 2 St. Louis Post-Dispatch newspaper issue, headline reads, “The First Third-Term President.” Photograph of Franklin D. Roosevelt. 1940 Nov 10 3 3 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “War with Axis, U.S. Bombers Sink Japanese Battleship.” 1941 Dec 11 3 3 St. Louis Post-Dispatch newspaper issue, headline reads, “War Declared, 3,000 Casualties in Jap Attack on Hawaii.” 1941 Dec 8 3 3 St. Louis Post-Dispatch newspaper issue, headline reads, “An Atlas Section for the Second World War.” Includes maps of military conflicts. 1942 Jan 4 3 3 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “Americans Taken Prisoners by Japanese at Pacific Outposts.” Includes photographs of the following prisoners of war: Bernard H. Manning, Harold L. Darter, Buell S. Brown, Harry B. Lebovitz, John W. Warsing, Jr., John S. Johnson, Jr., Charles A. Stewart, Jr., Leo L. Nonn, Lester C. Owen, Alvin E. Sawyer, Willard W. Watts, John D. Rucker, Henry L. Durrwachter, Jr., Robert S. Box, Jr., Roy B. McCarthy, and John I. Unger, Jr. 1942 Feb 19 3 3 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “4 Big Jap Cities Bombed.” 1942 Apr 18 3 3 St. Louis Post-Dispatch newspaper issue, headline reads, “The Grumman Avenger, New Type of Torpedo Plane Which Played a Leading Part in the Battle of Midway.” 1942 July 26 3 4 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “Six Nazi Agents Electrocuted for Sabotage Plot Against U.S.” 1942 Aug 8 3 4 Collier’s issue, article by M.C. Ford detailing “the story of Bridgehouse, the Japanese torture center set up in Shanghai.” 1942 Sept 5 3 4 Life magazine issue titled, “Japs Lie about U.S. Heroes.” 1942 Sept 14 3 4 St. Louis Post-Dispatch newspaper issue, headline reads, “What Japs Did to the U.S. Navy at Pearl Harbor,” “Eight Air-Bombed Battleships Knocked Out of Action,” and “Story of France – from Before Munich to Toulon.” 1942 Dec 6 3 4 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “We Need Help!” 1943 May 21 3 5 St. Louis Globe-Democrat newspaper issue, headline reads, “Mussolini Ousted by King.” 1943 July 26 3 5 St. Louis Globe-Democrat newspaper issue, headline reads, “Mayor Becker Killed with 9 Others in Glider Crash Here.” 1943 Aug 2 3 5 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “Italy Knocked Out of War.” 1943 Sept 8 3 5 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “B-29s Hit Jap Homeland and Shanghai.” 1944 Nov 11 3 5 St. Louis Post-Dispatch newspaper issue, headline reads, “Sailor Town, San Diego Swarms with Recreation-Seeking Gobs from Bases During Week Ends.” 1944 Dec 31 3 5 Unknown magazine issue, headline reads, “How the News Came.” 1945[?] 3 6 Unknown newspaper issue, headline reads, “Franklin Delano Roosevelt January 31, 1882 – April 12, 1945.” Includes portrait. 1945 Apr 15 3 6 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “Il Duce’s Last Crowd Scene.” 1945 May 1 3 6 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “V-E Day – It’s Official, European War to End at 5:01 P.M. Today.” 1945 May 8 3 6 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “Japs Offer to Surrender.” 1945 Aug 10 3 6 St. Louis Post-Dispatch newspaper issue, headline reads, “Jap Mastery of Pacific Ended in Costly Sea Battles in ’42.” 1945 Aug 14 3 7 St. Louis Star-Times newspaper issue, headline reads, “M’Arthur Orders Jap Envoy to Manila, Master Plan Drawn for Victory in Reconversion, Gas, Fruit, Vegetable Rationing Ends.” 1945 Aug 15 3 7 The Chicago Sun newspaper issue, headline reads, “Yanks in Japan – Historic Scenes of Occupation by U.S. Forces.” 1945 Aug 31 3 8 St. Louis Globe-Democrat newspaper issue, headline reads, “Here Is the Document Which Ended World War II.” 1945 Sept 8 3 8 Unknown newspaper issue [a St. Louis publication] titled, “Gifts to Let Our War Prisoners Know That St. Louis Hasn’t Forgotten Them.” Includes photograph of Mrs. E. C. Cross of Affton, Mrs. Henry L. Durrwachter, Sr., 1488 Stewart Pl., Mrs. Charles A. Stewart, Sr., 3501 Itaska St., and Mr. and Mrs. E. A. Spitzfadden, 5617 South Broadway. No date 3 8 St. Louis Post-Dispatch newspaper issue, headline reads, “Japanese Pictures of the Fall of Bataan.” No date 3 8