date(s):
1796-1812
type(s):
Documentary Artifacts; Collection
A1577 Stoddard, Amos Papers Inventory of Amos Stoddard Papers A1577 EAD by Jaime Bourassa using ArchivesSpace Missouri Historical Society Library and Research Center 2016 225 S. Skinker Blvd. St. Louis, MO 63105 archives@mohistory.org URL: This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on 2018-09-27 06:30:14 -0500 . English Describing Archives: A Content Standard English Missouri Historical Society Library and Research Center Amos Stoddard Papers Stoddard, Amos, 1762-1813 Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809 A1577 0.3 Cubic Feet (1 box) 1796-1812 Some French and Spanish Processing Information Processed by Angie Rhodes, April 2001. Donor Information Mrs. J. Edward Agenbroad and Miss Ellen M. Smith of Dayton, Ohio, donated Stoddard's manuscript autobiography to the Missouri Historical Society in 1958. In 1930, Mrs. Charles L. Foster of Lakewood, Ohio, donated the letter Stoddard wrote to his mother dated June 16, l804. Biographical Sketch Amos Stoddard was born October 26, 1762, in Woodbury, Connecticut. He saw service in the American Revolution. After the war he studied law and in 1791 was admitted to the Massachusetts Bar. On June 4, 1798, he was appointed captain of artillery in the United States Army, and on June 30, 1807, he was given the rank of major. Stoddard was wounded during the siege of Fort Meigs, Ohio, and died of tetanus a few days later on May 11, 1813. Stoddard was a prominent figure in the transfer of Upper Louisiana from France to the United States. At the time appointed for the transfer, Spain still had possession of the territory, although three years had passed since the Treaty of San Ildefonso in which Spain ceded the country to France. The transfer of possession to France was required to precede the transfer from France to the United States. On November 30, 1803, Laussat, the French prefect at New Orleans, received Louisiana from the Spanish commissioners. On December 20, 1803, Claiborne and Wilkinson received the territory from France. As France had no representative in Upper Louisiana, Laussat commissioned Stoddard to take possession of the territory from Spain on behalf of the French government. He was also appointed to represent the United States government. On January 24, 1804, Stoddard was made the first civil commandant of Upper Louisiana. Scope and Contents The Amos Stoddard Papers consist primarily of correspondence and documents dated 1796-1809. The bulk of the correspondence is dated 1804 and relates to the transfer of Upper Louisiana to the United States. The papers also include Stoddard's manuscript autobiography written circa 1812 covering events of his life up to 1792. Arrangement The correspondence is arranged chronologically and is followed by two genealogies of the Stoddard family. The certificate of Stoddard's commission as the first civil commandant of the District of Upper Louisiana (January 24, 1804) is stored with the oversize documents. Separated Materials The letter of Amos Stoddard to Jean Baptiste Valle, dated March 10, 1804, which contains instructions concerning appointment as commandant of Ste. Genevieve, was returned to the Francois Valle Papers in 2001. Conditions Governing Access The collection is open for research use. The preservation copy of Stoddard's manuscript autobiography will be paged rather than the original. Conditions Governing Use For permission to publish, quote from, or reproduce material in this collection, please contact the Archives Reference Desk at archives@mohistory.org . Copyright restrictions may apply. The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming to the laws of copyright. Physical and Technical Requirements There are no physical or technical restrictions. Existence and Location of Copies For printed translations and transcriptions of several documents in this collection see Glimpses of the Past (St. Louis, Mo.: Missouri Historical Society), Volume II, Numbers 6-10, 1935, page 78. Preferred Citation Amos Stoddard Papers, Missouri Historical Society Archives, St. Louis. Louisiana Purchase Stoddard family -- Genealogy Correspondence. 1796-1803 1 1 Certificate of admission for Amos Stoddard as attorney of the Supreme Judicial Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, February 16, 1796 Correspondence. 1804 Jan 1 2 Correspondence. 1804 Feb 1 3 Correspondence. 1804 Mar 9-15 1 4 Correspondence. 1804 Mar 17-26 1 5 Correspondence. 1804 Apr 1 6 Correspondence. Includes letter from Meriwether Lewis that gives agency to Stoddard. 1804 May 1 7 Letter signed Meriwether Lewis to Captain Amos Stoddard, St. Louis, May 16, 1804 Correspondence. 1804 June 3-13 1 8 Correspondence. Includes letter from Stoddard to his mother. 1804 June 16-26 1 9 Letter signed Amos Stoddard, St. Louis, (Upper Louisiana), to his mother Phebe Benham, Middlebury, June 16, 1804 Correspondence. 1804 July 1 10 Correspondence. Includes letter from Auguste Chouteau asking Stoddard to put in force the black code. 1804 Aug 1 11 Letter signed J. Rankin, St. Louis, to Amos Stoddard, August 4, 1804 Correspondence. 1804 Sept 1 12 Correspondence. 1804 Oct 1 13 Correspondence. 1804 Nov 1 14 Correspondence. Letter from Meriwether Lewis regarding his return from Pacific Ocean. 1809 1 15 Letter signed Meriwether Lewis, Fort Pickering on the Chickasaw Bluffs, to Amos Stoddard, Fort Adams, September 22, 1809 Manuscript autobiography (preservation photocopy). ca. 1812 1 16 Manuscript autobiography (original). ca. 1812 1 17 Manuscript autobiography of Amos Stoddard, ca. 1812 List of letters received from Amos Stoddard by the Secretary of War. 1803-1805 1 18 Genealogies of the Stoddard family. No date 1 19 Reference file. No date 1 20