date(s):
1832-1961
creator(s):
Eliot, William Greenleaf, 1811-1887
subject(s):
Religion; Sermons; Speeches, addresses, etc; Civil War, 1861-1865; Slavery; Slavery, abolition, and emancipation; New Year; Holidays; Easter; Unitarian churches; Unitarians; Women; Suffrage; Education; Genealogy; Charity; African Americans; Fugitive slaves; Slaves; Education, Higher
place(s):
United States; Missouri; St Louis; St. Louis, MO, USA; Missouri, USA; United States
type(s):
Documentary Artifacts; Collection
A0446 Eliot, William Greenleaf Papers Inventory of William Greenleaf Eliot Papers A0446 EAD by Jaime Bourassa using ArchivesSpace Missouri Historical Society Library and Research Center 2017 225 S. Skinker Blvd. St. Louis, MO 63105 archives@mohistory.org URL: This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on 2018-09-27 06:37:02 -0500 . English Describing Archives: A Content Standard English Missouri Historical Society Library and Research Center William Greenleaf Eliot Papers Eliot, William Greenleaf, 1811-1887 Eliot, Christopher R. Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891 A0446 1.0 Cubic Feet (2 boxes) 1832-1961 Processing Information Processed by Joy Novak, October 2002. Donor Information Collection was donated by Mrs. Holmes Smith and William Greenleaf Eliot, Jr. Biographical / Historical William Greenleaf Eliot was born August 5, 1811, in Bedford, Massachusetts. After graduating from Columbian College (Washington, D.C.) in 1831, he attended Harvard Divinity School, from which he graduated in 1834. Shortly after moving to St. Louis in 1834, he established the First Congregational Unitarian Church of St. Louis, which was later named the Church of the Messiah. Eliot remained the pastor of the church until 1871. On June 29, 1837, he married Abby Adams Craunch. The couple had fourteen children, most of whom did not reach adulthood. Eliot avidly provided aid during the St. Louis cholera epidemic of 1849, assisted in the development of the Western Sanitary Commission in St. Louis, and founded Mary Institute and Washington University, where he served as president and chancellor from 1871 until his death. Eliot died January 23, 1887, at Pass Christian, Mississippi. He was survived by his wife and five children: Rose Eliot, Thomas Lamb Eliot, Christopher R. Eliot, Edward C. Eliot, and Henry Ware Eliot, father of poet T.S. Eliot. Scope and Contents The William Greenleaf Eliot Papers consist of sermons, addresses, family papers, correspondence, Civil War documents, and documents regarding Eliot's church and other organizations. The Sermons Series contains 35 sermons, dated 1835-1885, regarding topics such as suffrage, emancipation, and philanthropy. The sermons are arranged by date first delivered. The Addresses Series consists of 10 addresses dated 1832-1876. Topics discussed include Bible societies, Europe, “Old Guard,” suffrage, Washington University, St. Louis public schools, and women’s education. The Archer Alexander Series consists of correspondence and other documents regarding Archer Alexander, a former slave whom Eliot purchased and emancipated. The Bills and Receipts Series consists of the Eliot family’s annual tax, dental, water, retail, and subscription bills and receipts. The Centennial Facsimile of the Declaration of Independence Series contains a facsimile issued by the Little Rock and Fort Smith Railway. The Church of the Messiah Series consists of service programs, prayers, and documents regarding the 1866 Missouri State Sunday School Convention. The Civil War Series includes a list of those in the charge at Springfield, Missouri, October 25, 1861; documents concerning Thomas Lamb Eliot’s service in the Halleck Guard; and a circular soliciting funds from New England citizens to aid in the enlistment of colored troops in the Union army, dated Boston, August 4, 1863. The Clippings Series includes poetry and articles regarding the St. Louis fire of 1849 and General John C. Fremont. The Correspondence Series consists of letters dated 1857-1871. It includes correspondence between William Greenleaf Eliot and Edward Everett, J.M. Schofield, J.M. Forbes, Massachusetts governor John Andrew, and the U.S. Senate regarding the Union, emancipation, Washington University, and Divinity College. Of particular interest is a petition draft to President Lincoln. The Eliot Family Series consists of documents dated 1887-1961, which include pages from Christopher R. Eliot’s journal regarding Eliot’s death, clippings, dedications, addresses, bulletins, a memoir of William Greenleaf Eliot, Jr., and correspondence regarding publications and the donation of the collection. The First Congregational Church Series consists of a notebook outlining the order of services and sermons preached from 1839 to 1842. The Genealogy Series consists of genealogy charts, correspondence, a Washington University lecture calendar, service program, and a historical subscription request. The General William T. Sherman Correspondence Series consists of letters dated 1863-1886 regarding the Civil War, Congress, and Sherman's disinterest in running for the presidency. The Washington University Series consists of various lecture and exhibition programs, finance notes, and a poster for an 1871 exhibition of the Ugly Club. The Western Sanitary Commission Series consists of documents regarding the formation and activities of the Western Sanitary Commission and range in date from 1861 to 1864. Arrangement The papers are arranged in the following fifteen series: Sermons, Addresses, Archer Alexander, Bills and Receipts, Centennial Facsimile of the Declaration of Independence, Church of the Messiah, Civil War, Clippings, Correspondence, Eliot Family, First Congregational Church, Genealogy, General William T. Sherman Correspondence, Washington University , and Western Sanitary Commission . Within each series, the documents are arranged chronologically. Conditions Governing Access The collection is open for research use. Conditions Governing Use For permission to publish, quote from, or reproduce material in this collection, please contact the Archives Reference Desk at archives@mohistory.org . Copyright restrictions may apply. The researcher assumes full responsibility for comforming to the laws of copyright. Physical and Technical Requirements There are no physical or technical restrictions. Digital Copies The William Greenleaf Eliot Papers were digitized by Elise Dunham in May-June 2010. The images may be viewed online by clicking the links beside each item in the inventory. Related Materials For more Eliot family material, see also the Henry Ware Eliot Papers and the Ruth Eliot Johnson Collection . Preferred Citation William Greenleaf Eliot Papers, Missouri Historical Society Archives, St. Louis. African Americans -- Missouri -- Saint Louis Eliot family -- Genealogy Fires -- Missouri -- Saint Louis -- 1849 Missouri -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 Religion Saint Louis (Mo.) -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 Slaves -- Emancipation -- United States Speeches, addresses, etc Suffrage Unitarian churches -- Missouri -- Saint Louis -- Clergy Unitarian churches -- Sermons United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 Alexander, Archer Eliot family Eliot, Thomas Lamb Eliot, William Greenleaf, Jr. First Congregational Church (Saint Louis, Mo.) Fremont, John Charles, 1813-1890 St. Louis Public Schools (Saint Louis, Mo.) Washington University (Saint Louis, Mo.) Western Sanitary Commission Sermons Series Sermons. 1835-1837 1 1 Manuscript of sermon by William Greenleaf Eliot to be delivered to the Boston and other churches, May 10, 1835 Manuscript of sermon by Rev. William Greenleaf Eliot, December 17, 1837 Sermons. 1838 1 2 Manuscript of Sermon No. 154 by William Greenleaf Eliot, February 19, 1838 Manuscript of Sermon No. 159 by William Greenleaf Eliot, April 15, 1838 Sermons. 1846-1852 1 3 Manuscript of sermon by Reverend William Greenleaf Eliot titled "Members One of Another," March 29, 1846 Manuscript of Sermon No. 35 by William Greenleaf Eliot, September 19, 1852 Sermons. 1856-1863 1 4 Manuscript of sermon by Reverend William Greenleaf Eliot titled "Brotherhood," October 5, 1856 Printed sermon of William Greenleaf Eliot titled "Loyalty and Religion," August 18, 1861 Printed sermon of William Greenleaf Eliot titled "Lost Birthright: A Sermon for the Young," 1863 Printed sermon of William Greenleaf Eliot titled "Emancipation in Missouri," July 5, 1863 Sermons. 1864-1871 Jan 1 5 Printed sermon of William Greenleaf Eliot titled "Steadfastness and Change: A Sermon for the New Year," 1864 Sermons. 1871 Feb 2 1 6 Sermons. 1871 Mar 5 1 7 Sermons. 1871 Mar 12 1 8 Sermons. 1871 Mar 19-26 1 9 Sermons. 1871 Apr 2-29 1 10 Sermons. 1871 Apr 30 1 11 Sermons. 1871 May-June 1 12 Sermons. 1871 Oct 1 13 Sermons. 1872 1 14 Sermons. 1875-1882 1 15 Sermons. 1883-1885; no date 1 16 Addresses Series Addresses. 1832-1838 1 17 Addresses. 1852 1 18 Addresses. 1862-1872 1 19 Discourse delivered before the members of the "Old Guard" of St. Louis by their chaplain, Rev. William Greenleaf Eliot, September, 24 1862 Address by William Greenleaf Eliot titled "Education as Connected with the Right of Suffrage," delivered before the Constitutional Convention of the State of Missouri, January 24, 1865 Addresses. 1873 1 20 Addresses. 1873-1876 1 21 Archer Alexander Series Documents. 1863 2 1 Permit for Archie Alexander to remain in the service of W.G. Eliot "until legal right to his services shall be established by such party (if any) as may claim them," March 18, 1863 Declaration that Archer Alexander is under protection of the military authorities, Office of the Provost Marshal General, Department of the Missouri, Saint Louis, Mo., March 27, 1863 Contemporary copy of letter of Barton Bates, St. Louis, to Dr. Eliot [William G. Eliot], March 28, 1863 Copy of letter of W.G. Eliot to Richard Pitman, March 30, 1863 Letter signed Louisa Alexander to her husband [Archer Alexander], November 16, 1863 Bills and Receipts Series Bills and receipts. 1864-1867 2 2 Bills and receipts. 1867; no date 2 3 Centennial Facsimile of Declaration of Independence Series Documents. 1876 2 4 Church of the Messiah Series Documents. 1866 2 5 Civil War Series Documents. 1861-1863 2 6 Order of Major General John C. Fremont, Head Quarters, Western Department, September 6, 1861 List of those in the charge at Springfield, Missouri, October 25, 1861 Notification of the Halleck Guard Head Quarters, St. Louis, to Thomas Eliot, October 3, 1862 Notification of the Halleck Guard Head Quarters, St. Louis, to Thomas Eliot, November 8, 1862 Official copy of letter of General H.W. Halleck, Head-Quarters of the Army, Washington, D.C., to Major General S.R. Curtis, St. Louis, December 15, 1862 Notification of the Halleck Guard Head Quarters, St. Louis, to Thomas Eliot, December 25, 1862 Receipt of the Halleck Guard, St. Louis, January 6, 1863 Notification of the Halleck Guard Headquarters, St. Louis, to Thomas Lamb Eliot, February 12, 1863 Notification of the Halleck Guard Headquarters, St. Louis, to Thomas Lamb Eliot, May 21, 1863 Circular for a subscription of $50,000 to be raised to enlist colored troops, August 4, 1863 Clippings Series Clippings. No date 2 7 Correspondence Series Correspondence. 1857-1862 2 8 Letter signed Edward Everett, Boston, to Rev. Dr. Eliot [William G. Eliot], April 2, 1857 Letter signed W.G. Eliot to Hudson E. Bridge, 1858-1859 Partial letter signed W.G. Eliot to H.E. Bridge, 1858-1859 Letter signed William G. Eliot to the Senate of the United States in Extra Session, 1861-1865 Note [of William G. Eliot] to General Schofield, 1861-1865 Letter signed Edward Bates, St. Louis, Mo., to W.G. Eliot, August 19, 1861 Letter signed W.G. Eliot, St. Louis, to James Freeman Clark, November 14, 1861 Letter signed E.A. Hitchcock, New York, to Rev. Dr. Eliot [William G. Eliot], November 15, 1861 Letter signed General J.J. Reynolds, Beverly, Va., to W.G. Eliot, December 9, 1861 Letter signed S.P. Chase, Washington, to W.G. Eliot, March 31, 1862 Letter signed W.G. Eliot, St. Louis, to Rev. Dr. Peabody, June 25, 1862 Letter signed William Norris, San Francisco, to Mr. Eliot [William G. Eliot], October 22, 1862 Letter signed W.G. Eliot to Gov. H.R. Gamble, December 1, 1862 Correspondence. 1863-1865 2 9 Petition of William G. Eliot to be signed by citizens of St. Louis to Abraham Lincoln, 1863-1864 Letter signed William [William G. Eliot], St. Louis, to Brother, January 14, 1863 Letter signed William [William G. Eliot], Rooms Western Sanitary Commission, St. Louis, to Bro, January 18, 1863 Letter signed J.M. Schofield, Head Quarters, Department of the Missouri, St. Louis, to Revd. Dr. Eliot [William G. Eliot], St. Louis, Mo., June 21, 1863 Letter signed Schofield [J.M. Schofield], Hd. Qu. Dept. of Mo., to William G. Eliot, June 23, 1863 Letter signed Edward Everett, Boston, to W.G. Eliot, July 24, 1863 Letter signed J.M. Forbes, Boston, to Eliot [William G. Eliot], October 26, 1863 Letter signed J.M.F. [J.M. Forbes], Boston, to Eliot [William G. Eliot], November 7, 1863 Letter signed Edwin M. Stanton, War Department, Washington City, to Rev. William G. Eliot, Saint Louis, Missouri, November 20, 1863 Letter signed J.M. Forbes to W.G. Eliot, November 25, 1863 Letter signed H.W. Halleck, Headquarters of the Army, Washington, to Rev. W.G. Eliot, St. Louis, January 31, 1864 Correspondence. 1871; no date 2 10 Eliot Family Series Papers. 1887 Feb 2 11 Pages from Christopher Eliot's journal and newspaper clippings about the death of William G. Eliot, 1887 Papers. 1887 Apr-1899 2 12 Papers. 1914-1946 2 13 Papers. 1949 2 14 Papers. 1953 2 15 Papers. 1956-1961 2 16 First Congregational Church Series Documents. 1839-1842 2 17 Genealogy Series Documents. No date 2 18 General William T. Sherman Correspondence Series Documents. 1863-1886 2 19 Letter signed W.T. Sherman, Lancaster, Ohio, to W.G. Eliot, St. Louis, December 27, 1863 Letter signed C.W. Thomas [to William T. Sherman], June 1868 Letter signed W.T. Sherman, Headquarters Military Division of the Missouri, Saint Louis, to W.G. Eliot, Washington University, June 26, 1868 Letter signed W.T. Sherman, Headquarters Army of the United States, St. Louis, Mo., to W.G. Eliot, February 19, 1876 Letter signed W.T. Sherman, Headquarters Army of the United States, St. Louis, Mo., to W.G. Eliot, Washington University, February 25, 1876 Letter signed W.T. Sherman, Headquarters Army of the United States, Washington, D.C., to W.G. Eliot, St. Louis, Mo., May 26, 1879 Letter signed John Sherman, Treasury Department, Washington, to General W.T. Sherman, May 28, 1879 Letter signed W.T. Sherman, Headquarters Army of the United States, Washington, D.C., to W.G. Eliot, Saint Louis, Mo., August 3, 1879 Letter signed W.T. Sherman, Headquarters Army of the United States, Washington, D.C., to Mr. Eliot [William G. Eliot], September 4, 1879 Letter signed William T. Sherman, 912 Garrison Avenue, St. Louis, Mo., to W.G. Eliot, St. Louis, September 21, 1885 Letter signed W.T. Sherman, 912 Garrison Avenue, St. Louis, Mo., to Mr. Eliot [William G. Eliot], October 15, 1885 Letter signed W.T. Sherman, 912 Garrison Avenue, St. Louis, Mo., to Mr. Eliot [William G. Eliot], December 27, 1885 Letter signed W.T. Sherman, 912 Garrison Ave., St. Louis, Mo., to Mr. Eliot [William G. Eliot], February 7, 1886 Letter signed W.T. Sherman, 912 Garrison Ave, St. Louis, Mo., to Mr. Eliot [William Greenleaf Eliot], February 9, 1886 Washington University Series Documents. 2 20 Western Sanitary Commission Series Documents. 1861-1875 2 21 Letter signed W.G. Eliot to Mr. Yeatman [James E. Yeatman], 1861-1865 Envelope with note by William G. Eliot, September 6, 1861 Printed circular issued by James E. Yeatman, Office of the Sanitary Commission, St. Louis, titled "Burial of the Dead," September 20, 1861 Recommendation of the Sanitary Commission by the President, James E. Yeatman, September 20, 1861 Circular letter of James E. Yeatman, Rooms of the Western Sanitary Commission, St. Louis, April 2, 1862 Circular letter of Western Sanitary Commission, St. Louis, to Rev. T. Starr King, San Francisco, California, August 25, 1863 Circular letter of the Western Sanitary Commission, St. Louis, to President Abraham Lincoln, November 6, 1863 Letter signed W.G. Eliot, Rooms Western Sanitary Commission, St. Louis, to Major General J.M. Schofield, November 9, 1863 Letter of the Central Finance Committee of the Mississippi Valley Sanitary Fair, St. Louis, Mo., to "Mayors of divers Cities," March 2, 1864 Booklet concerning the Western Sanitary Commission, from the North American Review for April 1864 Program: Miscellaneous and Dramatic Reading by Mr. Jno. Jay Bailey at Washington University Hall, April 8, 1864 Letter signed W.G. Eliot, St. Louis, to E.W. Fox of the Western Sanitary Commission Finance Committee, April 19, 1864 General Report of the Mississippi Valley Sanitary Fair by James Yeatman and the rest of the Western Sanitary Commission, August 16, 1864 Letter signed J.E.Y. [James E. Yeatman], Western Sanitary Commission, St. Louis, to Dr. [William G. Eliot], September 30, 1864 Letter signed John G. Whittier to W.G. Eliot, 1875