date(s):
1917-1945
type(s):
Documentary Artifacts; Collection
A2288 Day, Charles M. and Henry P. Papers Inventory of Charles M. and Henry P. Day Papers A2288 EAD by Jaime Bourassa using ArchivesSpace Missouri Historical Society Library and Research Center 2017 225 S. Skinker Blvd. St. Louis, MO 63105 archives@mohistory.org URL: This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on 2018-10-02 06:43:09 -0500 . English Describing Archives: A Content Standard English Missouri Historical Society Library and Research Center Charles M. and Henry P. Day Papers Day, Charles Morris, 1890-1963 Day, Henry P. Day, Marguerite King A2288 2.0 Cubic Feet (4 boxes) 1917-1945 Processing Information Processed by Emily Horsford. Donor Information The Charles M. and Henry P. Day Papers were donated by Henry P. Day in 2005. Biographical Sketches Charles Morris Day was born in Todd County, Kentucky, on August 16, 1890. His parents were Charles Morris Day, Jr. and Rowena Williams Day. After attending college for three years at Southwestern Presbyterian University in Clarksville, Tennessee, Charles went to work for Hickman, Williams, and Company in St. Louis in 1909. He was transferred to the Birmingham office in 1915 where he worked until World War I. Charles M. Day was a soldier in the United States Army during World War I. He was first stationed at a training base in Georgia called Fort McPherson where he wrote to his girlfriend Marguerite King of Birmingham, Alabama. Later, he was deployed to France where he fought from May 1918-May 1919. Before Charles was sent to France, he and Marguerite King married. After Charles returned from the war, he and Marguerite moved to St. Louis where Charles became the vice-president at Hickman, Williams and Company, where he was in the pig-iron business. Later, he and his uncle began the Valley Dolomite Corporation, a steel and iron company. Charles passed away on September 17, 1963. Henry P. Day, Charles and Marguerite’s son, attended Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. During his time there, he was required to do his service with the Army. He was first stationed on a base in Oklahoma called Fort Sill before he was transferred to Fort Bragg in North Carolina. While in North Carolina, he married Nancy Westcott of Delaware. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States declared war and Henry was sent to North Africa. During the war, Henry served in North Africa, Sicily, Italy, and Corsica. Upon his return to St. Louis, Henry began working with his father at the Valley Dolomite Corporation. Scope and Contents The collection consists primarily of correspondence from Charles M. Day to his girlfriend (and later his wife) Marguerite King while he was stationed in France during World War I, and letters of their son Henry P. Day to them while he was attending school in Massachusetts and while he was stationed in North Africa and Italy during World War II. Both sets of letters describe living conditions during the war, battles that the men fought in, and descriptions of the countries they were stationed in. Also included in the collection is a “History of Company B” written by Charles M. Day. It includes a list of all the members of that company, a list of those killed in action, a detailed movement-by-movement account of the company’s actions during World War I, a program from a reunion in 1933 (which includes biographical sketches of some of the members of the company, including Charles), and picture of the company. Additionally, there are various publications from World War II including a “Road to Rome” booklet with Henry’s notes in the margins and an “Our First D-Day” magazine. Arrangement The collection is arranged in chronological order. Conditions Governing Access The collection is open for research use. Conditions Governing Use For permission to publish, quote from, or reproduce material in this collection, please contact the Archives Reference Desk at archives@mohistory.org . Copyright restrictions may apply. The researcher assumes full responsibility for comforming to the laws of copyright. Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements There are no physical or technical restrictions. Preferred Citation Charles M. and Henry P. Day Papers, Missouri Historical Society Archives, St. Louis. Soldiers -- United States -- Correspondence United States -- Armed Forces World War, 1914-1918 World War, 1939-1945 -- France Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s training at Fort McPherson and Marguerite's plans to visit Charles. 1917 May 25-June 20 1 1 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities. 1917 Aug 6-27 1 2 Letters to Charles M. Day from Marguerite King. Letters contain information about Marguerite’s daily activities. 1917 Sept 7-27 1 3 Letters to Charles M. Day from Marguerite King. Letters contain information about Marguerite’s daily activities. 1917 Oct 6-30 1 4 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities. 1917 Nov 6-28 1 5 Letters to Charles M. Day from Marguerite King. Letters contain information about Marguerite’s daily activities. 1917 Dec 10-25 1 6 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities. 1917 Dec 27-31 1 7 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s thoughts on the war in Europe. 1918 Jan 1-6 1 8 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities. 1918 Jan 7-13 1 9 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities. 1918 Jan 14-22 1 10 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities. 1918 Jan 23-31 1 11 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities. 1918 Feb 4-14 1 12 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities. 1918 Feb 15-Mar 1 1 13 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities. 1918 Mar 4-13 1 14 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. 1918 Mar 14-18 2 1 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters, and are now addressed to Mrs. Charles M. Day. Letter dated May 1 states that Charles is on a ship to Europe. 1918 May 1-5 2 2 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. Charles states periodically that the rules of censorship prevent him from telling her where he is going. 1918 May 7-11 2 3 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. Charles is still on board the ship, and cannot tell her where he is going. 1918 May 12-22 2 4 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. He mentions that they “came through England.” Also includes a letter from Charles to “Mother King,” Marguerite’s mother, telling her to take care of Marguerite’s health. 1918 May 24-28 2 5 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. Several letters contain descriptions of bombings by Germans. 1918 May 29-June 9 2 6 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. 1918 June 10-15 2 7 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. Charles sends Marguerite a scarf from France. 1918 June 17-27 2 8 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. Charles tells Marguerite that the men have found an ice cream parlor and they are excited about it. Several letters describe a simulated gas attack that Charles participated in. Charles ran a patrol in “No Man’s Land,” and writes that it “gives you the creeps.” 1918 June 28-July 11 2 9 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. Tells her that the Englishmen are playing cricket and that he still does not understand the game. Letter dated July 13 states that he is in the hospital for his gums, which are very sore. 1918 July 12-18 2 10 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. Charles calls his illness “trench mouth,” and states that it is not very painful but his nose is bleeding, his gums are sore, and his eyes are swollen. Letter dated July 24 describes the courses of a French dinner, which astounded Charles. 1918 July 19-29 2 11 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. Marguerite told Charles that she is planning to go to New York, and Charles writes that this is a good idea. Letter dated Aug. 9 describes French bedrooms; Charles doubts that the Army will be home by Christmas. 1918 Aug 6-13 2 12 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. Marguerite is now in New York, and Charles does not approve. 1918 Aug 23-27 2 13 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. Letter dated Sept. 14 states that Charles’s unit has moved again, and describes an air fight. Charles criticizes what Marguerite is doing in New York because she is going to movies and dinners unescorted: “It is not the life I want my wife to lead;” “You can’t get away from the fact that women can’t live like men.” 1918 Sept 5-30 3 1 Letter signed Charles [Charles Day], [France], to Dearest [Marguerite King Day], September 29, 1918 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. In letter dated Oct. 22, Charles is at the front. He writes, “I thought before I knew what war was but I didn’t know anything.” He tells Marguerite that he took the paper he is writing on from a dead German soldier’s body. In letter dated Oct. 26, Charles describes some of his experiences at the front. 1918 Oct 1-28 3 2 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. In letter dated Nov. 5, Charles describes more of his experiences at the front. In letter dated Nov. 17, Charles is in Paris on his way to Nice for his leave. In letter dated Nov. 21, Charles visited Monte Carlo. He also sends a postcard of Nice. 1918 Nov 5-25 3 3 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. Marguerite’s birthday is coming up (January 14): she will be 22. 1918 Nov 29-Dec 5 3 4 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. Says that it won’t be long before they are home. Several letters discuss the rebuilding of France 1918 Dec 5-13 3 5 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. Letter dated Dec. 26 states that Charles received his Christmas package. 1918 Dec 14-31 3 6 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. Each letter states that he waiting for news of when he will be sent home. 1919 Jan 2-6 3 7 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. Letter dated Feb. 8 states that “tomorrow we will hold funeral services for Roosevelt.” 1919 Jan 7-26 3 8 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. Includes a typed “Statement of Strength” dated Oct. 6, 1918. 1919 Feb 16-Mar 3 3 9 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. 1919 Mar 12-15 3 10 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. 1919 Mar 16-Apr 5 3 11 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. 1919 Apr 6-12 3 12 Letters to Marguerite King from Charles M. Day. Letters contain information about Charles’s daily activities and personal matters. Papers include a typed promotion form dated Apr. 16, 1919 and orders dated June 13, 1919 for Charles and his company to return to the United States. 1919 Apr 14-June 13 3 13 “History of B Company” written by Charles M. Day. A typed packet of information about Company B, 328th Infantry, 82nd Division, U.S. Army. Includes a list of those killed from the company. Preface states that the company served on the Touh and Marbache fronts, in the St. Mihiel Offensive, and the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Lists all the members of the company, six from Missouri: Sgt. Ray Russall, 8100 Church Rd. St. Louis, Missouri; Private 1st Class Robert F. Ottensmeyer Warrenton, Missouri; Private 1st Class Levi H. Smith 3229 Park St. Kansas City, Missouri; Private 1st Class August M. Sommerar Jefferson City, Missouri; Private 1st Class Archie M. Stark Mercer, Missouri; and Private 1st Class Fred Stevenson Trenton, Missouri. No date 3 14 Passenger List. Passenger list for company’s return trip to United States. No date 3 15 Program from Reunion of Wartime Officers of the 328th Infantry. Lists Charles M. Day as working for the firm of Hickman, Williams, and Company at the Co. Fed. Com. Tr. Building in St. Louis, Missouri. Includes photograph of entire division. 1933 Sept 3-4 4 1 Letter from Henry P. Day to his mother. Letter from Henry, as a child, to his mother, includes drawings. 1928 May 4 4 2 Letters from Henry P. Day to his parents. Addressed to Mr. and Mrs. Charles M. Day Rt. 13, Box 40, Kirkwood, Missouri. Henry is going to school in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Describes trip to New York, saw Fantasia . Describes skiing in Vermont. Is going to Oklahoma to do his Army service, stationed at Fort Sill. 1940 Aug 5-1941 Nov 15 4 3 Letters from Henry P. Day to his parents. Henry describes Fort Sill. Two newspaper articles included 1941 Dec 9-1942 Mar 25 4 4 Letters from Henry P. Day to his parents. Letters describe Fort Sill and Henry’s daily activities including playing polo on mules. He is promoted: he is now an instructor at the Gunnery Department of Officer Candidate School. Transferred to Fort Bragg in North Carolina. 1942 Apr 9-May 25 4 5 Letters from Henry P. Day to his parents. Letters describe Henry’s time at Fort Bragg. He goes hunting a lot. Asked for Nancy Westcott’s hand in marriage and to his surprise she said yes. 1942 June 26-Dec 3 4 6 Letters from Henry P. Day to his parents. Letters describe Henry’s marriage to Nancy. Letter from Mrs. Westcott, Nancy’s mother, to Charles and Marguerite. 1942 Dec 15-1943 Mar 8 4 7 Letters from Henry P. Day to his parents. Henry celebrates his birthday; he is 23. He is in North Africa, and sends long letters describing his experiences in combat. Congratulates his parents on their silver wedding anniversary. 1943 Apr 8-May 21 4 8 Letters from Henry P. Day to his parents. Letters describe Henry’s experiences during the war. 1943 May 20-Aug 29 4 9 Letters from Henry P. Day to his parents. Letters describe Henry’s experiences during the war; he is now in Italy. 1943 Oct 31-Dec 15 4 10 Letters from Henry P. Day to his parents. Letters describe Henry’s experiences during the war; he is still in Italy. 1944 Feb 16-Mar 26 4 11 Letters from Henry P. Day to his parents. Letters describe Henry’s experiences during the war; he is still in Italy. In letter dated May 14, Henry discusses the upcoming election in the United States. 1944 Apr 3-July 20 4 12 Letters from Henry P. Day to his parents. Letters describe Henry’s experiences during the war; he is still in Italy. Henry describes his visit to Rome. 1944 June 30-July 26 4 13 Typed copies of letters from Henry P. Day. Copies of letters sent by Henry to his relatives and friends in the United States while Henry was fighting in North Africa and Italy during World War I. These typed copies do not include names or addresses of recipients and portions of the letters have been cut out. 1943 June 7-1945 May 13 4 14 Publications from World War II. “Road to Rome” booklet with Henry’s notes in the margins. “Our First D-Day” magazine. “Restricted” army document. 1941-1945 4 15