date(s):
1811-1975
creator(s):
Ashley, William Henry, 1778-1838
subject(s):
Fur trade; Gunpowder; Mineral industries; Navigation; Land use; Politics and government; Indians of North America; West (U.S.); Discovery and exploration; Travel; Property
place(s):
United States
type(s):
Documentary Artifacts; Collection
A0059 Ashley, William Henry Collection Inventory of William Henry Ashley Collection A0059 EAD by Jaime Bourassa using ArchivesSpace Missouri Historical Society Library and Research Center 2018 225 S. Skinker Blvd. St. Louis, MO 63105 archives@mohistory.org URL: This finding aid was produced using ArchivesSpace on 2018-09-27 06:41:06 -0500 . English Describing Archives: A Content Standard English Missouri Historical Society Library and Research Center William Henry Ashley Collection Ashley, William Henry, 1778-1838 Rogers, Harrison G., -1828 Smith, Jedediah Strong, 1799-1831 A0059 0.7 Cubic Feet (1 box, 2 oversize folders, 1 microfilm reel) 1811-1975 Some French Processing Information Reprocessed by Kirsten Hammerstrom, May 1998. Donor Information William H. Ashley's grand-niece, Mrs. Ben F. Gray, donated Ashley’s diaries, the Rogers journals, drafts of letters and some business papers to the Missouri Historical Society in 1908. Biographical Sketch William H. Ashley was born in 1778 in Virginia, the county of his birth being variously given as Powhatan or Chesterfield. He came to Missouri between 1803 and 1805, when he was listed as an inhabitant and freeholder in Ste. Genevieve. Ashley had both a political and military career in Missouri, as justice of the peace for Ste. Genevieve after 1806, and as a captain (later colonel and general) in the Missouri militia. During the War of 1812, he manufactured gunpowder in Potosi and he was commissioned lieutenant colonel in the Washington County militia in 1814. Moving to St. Louis in 1819, Ashley continued his political career as a candidate for lieutenant governor and president of the senate. Throughout the 1820s, Ashley was a participant in the fur trade, taking a number of hunters into the Rocky Mountains beginning in 1821, and made his last journey to the mountains in the spring of 1826, selling his interests in the fur trade to Smith, Jackson and Sublette. He continued to supply trade goods and supplies for the fur trade, but focused on politics, as congressman from Missouri, 1831-1834. Ashley died of pneumonia March 26, 1838. Scope and Contents The William H. Ashley Collection consists of his diaries, drafts of letters, and some business papers. Ashley made several journeys to the Rocky Mountains from 1821 to 1826. The collection contains a draft, or copy, of his later account and his diary for the journey made in 1824 and 1825. At one time Ashley’s diary was mistaken for that of William Sublette. This has been corrected but is still evident on the typescript of the diary (folder 5). The Harrison G. Rogers journals contain accounts of expeditions made with, and for, Jedediah S. Smith. After his death in 1828, Rogers' journals were recovered from the Umpqua Indians by Jedediah Smith and turned over to William H. Ashley as executor of Rogers' estate. The collection contains drafts of letters that might possibly be notes (folders 17-18) that relate to Ashley’s observations and recommendations for a military presence in the Rocky Mountain region. It is estimated that these were written circa March 1829. Arrangement Documents are arranged in chronological order, ending with a reference file that contains genealogical and biographical information on Ashley. Separated Materials Items identified as not having been donated as part of the Ashley Collection have been returned to their original collections. These manuscripts are listed as follows: Materials Returned to Original Collections, May 1998 Letter of William Ashley to Gentlemen[?] regarding Rocky Mountain expedition for beaver, October 14, 1826. (Chouteau Family Papers) Letter signed Wm. H. Ashley, Lancaster, to Pierre Chouteau, Philadelphia, February 2, 1827. (Chouteau Family Papers) Letter of P. Chouteau, Jr., Philadelphia, to Genl. W.H. Ashley, February 10, 1827. French. (Chouteau Family Papers) Letter signed W.H. Ashley, St. Louis, to Genl. Bernard Pratte, February 28, 1827. (Chouteau Family Papers) Letter signed W.H. Ashley, Franklin, Mo., to B. Pratte and Co., April 4, 1827. (Chouteau Family Papers) Letter signed Wm. H. Ashley, Lexington, to Mr. Bernard Pratt, April 11, 1827. (Chouteau Family Papers) Fragment: Ashley account with B[ernard] P[ratte] and Co., April 14, 1827. (Chouteau Family Papers) Typescript of Missouri Republican story of three men. "Gregory, Nichols and one other" captured by Indians, May 31, 1827. (Missouri History Museum Library, William H. Ashley Vertical File) Typescript of letter of William H. Ashley to Charless of the Missouri Republican , June 5, 1827. (Missouri History Museum Library, William H. Ashley Vertical File) Note signed James B. Braffen, Lexington, October 16, 1827. (Chouteau Family Papers) Typescript of letter of W.H. Ashley, St. Louis, to Mr. Orr of the Missouri Observer and St. Louis Advertiser , October 31, 1827. (Missouri History Museum Library, William H. Ashley Vertical File) Smith, Jackson and Sublette in account with W.H. Ashley, April 18, 1829-April 16, 1830. (William L. Sublette Collection) Printed Proclamation of W.H. Ashley to the People of Missouri, dated Washington, announcing his candidacy for governor, June 16, 1836. (John Fletcher Darby Papers) Typescript of letter of Edward Dobyns to John G. Hickman, about William H. Ashley, no date. (Edward Dobyns Papers) Conditions Governing Access The collection is open for research use. Researchers must consult the microfilm and/or published versions of the William H. Ashley diary (March 25-June 27, 1825) and the two Harrison G. Rogers journals (November 26, 1826-January 27, 1827, and May 10-July 13, 1828) before these items will be paged to the Reading Room. Conditions Governing Use For permission to publish, quote from, or reproduce material in this collection, please contact the Archives Reference Desk at archives@mohistory.org . Copyright restrictions may apply. The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming to the laws of copyright. Physical and Technical Restrictions There are no physical or technical restrictions. Digital Copies The William Henry Ashley Collection was digitized by Jaime Bourassa, February-March 2016. The images may be viewed online by clicking the links beside each item in the inventory. Preferred Citation William Henry Ashley Collection, Missouri Historical Society Archives, St. Louis. Bounties, Military -- United States Deeds -- Missouri Fur trade -- United States Fur traders -- United States Indians of North America United States -- Discovery and exploration Document signed James Cocke, Baltimore, to William Ashley; Cocke revokes power of attorney from William Young Lewis and confers it on William H. Ashley. (Oversize) A0059-00028 1811 June 8 OS: Ashley-Baker Document signed James Cocke, Baltimore, to William Ashley, June 8, 1811 Notes from title books concerning sale of St. Louis property; title of lot sold by Bouju to R. Wash for General Ashley. A0059-00026 1817 Oct 18 1 1 Notes from title books concerning sale of St. Louis property; title of lot sold by Bouju to R. Wash for General Ashley, October 18, 1817 United States land patent, signed James Monroe, to George Vangeson for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land. Tract of land containing 160 acres, the southwest quarter of section 14, township 57 north, range 18 west. (See also document dated August 18, 1819.) (Oversize) A0059-00029 1819 May 8 OS: Ashley-Baker United States land patent to George Vangeson for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land, signed James Monroe, May 8, 1819 Deed of William G. Orr to William H. Ashley, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $100. A0059-00027 1819 May 28 1 1 Deed of William G. Orr to William H. Ashley, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $100, May 28, 1819 Deed of Francis Fisher (late a private in Carson’s Company, 15th Regiment of Infantry, U.S. Army) to William Ashley, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $75. (Oversize) A0059-00030 1819 June 4 OS: Ashley-Baker Deed of Francis Fisher (late a private in Carson’s Company, 15th Regiment of Infantry, U.S. Army) to William Ashley, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $75, June 4, 1819 Deed of John Myers (late a private in Biddle’s Corps of Artillery) to William H. Ashley, 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $100. (Oversize) A0059-00031 1819 June 14 OS: Ashley-Baker Deed of John Myers (late a private in Biddle’s Corps of Artillery) to William H. Ashley, 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $100, June 14, 1819 Deed of Samuel Berrian of the city of New York to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, Missouri, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $110. Land comprises northwest quarter of section 26, township 56 north, range 16 west. Land obtained from Alvan Phelps (late a soldier), from the government grant for military bounty. A0059-00033 1819 Aug 7 1 2 Deed of Samuel Berrian of the city of New York to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, Missouri, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $110, August 7, 1819 Deed of George Williamson (late a private in Captain Sangster’s Company of the 12th Infantry) to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, Missouri, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $85. Land comprises northeast quarter, section 20, township 55 north, range 16 west. A0059-00034 1819 Aug 10 1 2 Deed of George Williamson (late a private in Captain Sangster’s Company of the 12th Infantry) to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, Missouri, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $85, August 10, 1819 Deed of Asa C. Wood (late a private in Crane’s Corps of Artillery) to William H. Ashley for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $100. Land comprises the northwest quarter of section 23, township 54 north, range 17 west. A0059-00035 1819 Aug 11 1 2 Deed of Asa C. Wood (late a private in Crane’s Corps of Artillery) to William H. Ashley for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $100, August 11, 1819 Deed of Reuben Watts (late a private in Melvin’s Company, 4th Infantry) to William H. Ashley, Missouri, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $235. Land comprises northeast quarter of section 20, township 55 north, range 17 west. (Oversize) A0059-00032 1819 Aug 12 OS: Ashley-Baker Deed of Reuben Watts (late a private in Melvin’s Company, 4th Infantry) to William H. Ashley, Missouri, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $235, August 12, 1819 Deed of George Vangeson (late a private in Stocton Company of Artillery), city of New York, to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, Missouri Territory, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $75. Land comprises southwest quarter of section 14, township 57 north, range 18 west. (See also document dated May 8, 1819.) A0059-00036 1819 Aug 18 1 2 Deed of George Vangeson (late a private in Stocton Company of Artillery), city of New York, to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, Missouri Territory, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $75, August 18, 1819 Deed of Robert Gedney, city of New York, to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, Missouri Territory, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $100. Land comprises northwest quarter of section 32, township 55 north, range 19 west. A0059-00037 1819 Aug 26 1 2 Deed of Robert Gedney, city of New York, to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, Missouri Territory, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $100, August 26, 1819 Deed of Robert Charles Vose, Augusta, Maine, to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, Missouri, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $70. Land comprises southeast quarter of section 26, township 55 north, range 18 west, in the tract appropriated for military bounties in Missouri Territory. A0059-00038 1819 Aug 31 1 2 Deed of Robert Charles Vose, Augusta, Maine, to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, Missouri, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $70, August 31, 1819 Deed of Henry Conway, Greenbush, Rensselaer County, New York, to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $100. Land comprises northeast quarter of section 14, township 58 north, range 21 west. (Oversize) A0059-00039 1819 Sept 10 OS: Ashley-Baker Deed of Henry Conway, Greenbush, Rensselaer County, New York, to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $100, September 10, 1819 Deed of Asa Aikens, Windsor, Vermont, to William H. Ashley for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $80. Land comprises northwest quarter of section 28, township 55 north, range 16 west, in the tract appropriated for military bounties in Missouri Territory. Deed executed at Windsor, Vermont. (Oversize) A0059-00040 1819 Sept 18 OS: Ashley-Baker Deed of Asa Aikens, Windsor, Vermont, to William H. Ashley for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $80, September 18, 1819 Deed of Stephen B. Parker (late a matross in Craig’s Corps of Light Artillery), to William H. Ashley, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $110. Land comprises southeast quarter of section 36, township 54 north, range 17 west. Deed executed at Boston, Massachusetts. (Oversize) A0059-00041 1819 Sept 24 OS: Ashley-Baker Deed of Stephen B. Parker (late a matross in Craig’s Corps of Light Artillery), to William H. Ashley, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $110, September 24, 1819 Deed of Isaac O'Donald (late a private in the 16th United States Infantry) to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, Missouri Territory, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $80. Land comprises the northwest quarter of section 13, township 54 north, range 17 west. Deed executed at Philadelphia. (Oversize) A0059-00042 1819 Oct 2 OS: Ashley-Baker Deed of Isaac O'Donald (late a private in the 16th United States Infantry) to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, Missouri Territory, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $80, October 2, 1819 Deed of Eliza Golden (nee Thompson), sister of James Thompson, deceased (late a sergeant in Captain Marston’s Company, 5th Infantry), to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, Missouri Territory, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $70. Land comprises northwest quarter of section 9, township 53 north, range 17 west. Deed executed in the state of New York. 1819 Nov 22 1 3 Deed of Eliza Golden (nee Thompson), sister of James Thompson, deceased (late a sergeant in Captain Marston’s Company, 5th Infantry), to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, Missouri Territory, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $70, November 22, 1819 Deed of John F. Lambert (late a private in Captain Radcliff’s Company, 41st Infantry) to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, Missouri Territory, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $65. Land comprises the southwest quarter of section 28, township 54 north, range 17 west. A0059-00044 1819 Dec 21 1 3 Deed of John F. Lambert (late a private in Captain Radcliff’s Company, 41st Infantry) to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, Missouri Territory, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $65, December 21, 1819 Deed of Peter A. Von Hagen (late a musician in the U.S. Army), Boston, Massachusetts, to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, Missouri Territory, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $60. Land comprises the southeast quarter of section 7, township 55 north, range 18 west. Deed executed at Boston, Massachusetts. (Oversize) A0059-00045 1820 Feb 5 OS: Ashley-Baker Deed of Peter A. Von Hagen (late a musician in the U.S. Army), Boston, Massachusetts, to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, Missouri Territory, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $60, February 5, 1820 Deed of Thomas Voax, Boston, Massachusetts, to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, Missouri Territory, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $70. Land comprises the southeast quarter, section 28, township 54 north, range 17 west. A0059-00047 1820 Feb 14 1 4 Deed of Thomas Voax, Boston, Massachusetts, to William H. Ashley, St. Louis, Missouri Territory, for 160 acres of Missouri military bounty land for $70, February 14, 1820 Note signed William H. Ashley, St. Louis, to Jno. F. Lambert. Requests that Lambert forward the deeds and patents deposited with him by Wm. Allen Latham [or Mr. Allen Latham]. A0059-00048 1820 June 2 1 4 Note signed William H. Ashley, St. Louis, to Jno. F. Lambert [John F. Lambert], June 2, 1820 Document signed William H. Ashley and William Rector, surveyor of the lands of the United States in the states of Illinois and Missouri and Territory of Arkansas. Articles of agreement concerning surveying which Ashley is to do for the government under certain conditions, with a forfeiture of $2,000 if he fails to meet the conditions. (Oversize) A0059-00046 1821 Apr 5 OS: Ashley-Baker Document signed William H. Ashley and William Rector, surveyor of the lands of the United States in the states of Illinois and Missouri and Territory of Arkansas, April 5, 1821 Letter signed William H. Ashley, Ft. Atkinson, to William Carr Lane, St. Louis. Writes of the "Pawney" Indians and an outrage against a white man in their village which they committed. Original and typed transcript. A0059-00049 1824 Oct 29 1 4 Letter signed William H. Ashley, Ft. Atkinson [Fort Atkinson], to William Carr Lane, St. Louis, October 29, 1824 Fragment of document includes an explanation of topographical map of the route from Council Bluffs to the Pacific Ocean. A0059-00050 1825[?] 1 4 Fragment of document includes an explanation of topographical map of the route from Council Bluffs to the Pacific Ocean, ca. 1825 Diary of William Ashley. Transcript. (30 pages, two copies) (Use this folder, the published version, or the microfilm [reel #134].) Diary is published in: : 1. Dale L. Morgan, editor, The West of William H. Ashley (Denver, Colorado: The Old West Publishing Company, 1964) (Missouri History Museum Library call number: Oversize/978/M821). 2. Published in three parts, edited by Dale L. Morgan, in the Bulletin of the Missouri Historical Society : Part 1: Volume XI, Number 1 (October 1954), pages 9-40; Part 2: Volume XI, Number 2 (January 1955), pages 158-186; Part 3: Volume XI, Number 3 (April 1955), pages 279-302. A0059-00051 1825 Mar 25-June 27 1 5 Typescript of diary of William Ashley, March 25-June 27, 1825 Diary of William Ashley. Original. (93 pages; plus 34 pages of accounts and notes in the back of the volume) A0059-00052 1825 Mar 25-June 27 1 6 Diary of William Ashley, March 25-June 27, 1825 William Ashley's account of a voyage across the Rocky Mountains to Fort Atkinson. Preservation photocopy. A0059-00053 1825 Dec 1 7 William Ashley's account of a voyage across the Rocky Mountains to Fort Atkinson. Original. (32 pages) A0059-00054 1825 Dec 1 8 William Ashley's account of a voyage across the Rocky Mountains to Fort Atkinson, December 1825 Harrison G. Rogers’ journal, in the southwest with Jedediah Smith. Typescript. (27 pages) A0059-00055 1826 Nov 26-1827 Jan 27 1 9 Typescript of Harrison G. Rogers’ journal, in the southwest with Jedediah Smith, November 26, 1826-January 27, 1827 Harrison G. Rogers’ journal, in the southwest with Jedediah Smith. Original. (38 pages) Published in Harrison Clifford Dale, editor, The Ashley-Smith Explorations and the Discovery of a Central Route to the Pacific, 1822-1829 (Cleveland: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1918), pages 197-228. Also published in Harrison Clifford Dale, editor, The Ashley-Smith Explorations and the Discovery of a Central Route to the Pacific, 1822-1829 (Glendale, California: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1941), pages 193-224. A0059-00056 1826 Nov 26-1827 Jan 27 1 10 Harrison G. Rogers’ journal, in the southwest with Jedediah Smith, November 26, 1826-January 27, 1827 Harrison G. Rogers’ journal, in the southwest with Jedediah Smith. Typescript (33 pages) and preservation photocopy. A0059-00057 1828 May 10-July 13 1 11 Typescript of Harrison G. Rogers’ journal, in the southwest with Jedediah Smith, May 10-July 13, 1828 Harrison G. Rogers’ journal, in the southwest with Jedediah Smith. Original. (43 pages) Published in Harrison Clifford Dale, editor, The Ashley-Smith Explorations and the Discovery of a Central Route to the Pacific, 1822-1829 (Cleveland: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1918), pages 237-271. Also published in Harrison Clifford Dale, editor, The Ashley-Smith Explorations and the Discovery of a Central Route to the Pacific, 1822-1829 (Glendale, California: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1941), pages 242-275. A0059-00058 1828 May 10-July 13 1 12 Harrison G. Rogers’ journal, in the southwest with Jedediah Smith, May 10-July 13, 1828 Receipt from B. Pratte to William H. Ashley, $100 for sale of some land. Document dated Receiver’s Office, St. Louis. A0059-00059 1828 Oct 23 1 13 Receipt signed B. Pratte to William H. Ashley, $100 for sale of land, October 23, 1828 Letter signed William H. Ashley, St. Louis, to dear sir. Report on the fur trade west of the Rocky Mountains. Intrusion of the Hudson Bay Co. into U.S. territory; transfers his interest in fur trade to Smith, Jackson and Sublette. (7 pages) A0059-00060 1828 Oct 24 1 13 Letter signed William H. Ashley, St. Louis, to dear sir, October 24, 1828 Fragment of letter dated St. Louis, addressed to “dear sir” (not in Ashley's handwriting). Report about fur trade west of the Rocky Mountains. (4 pages) A0059-00061 1828 Dec 26 1 13 Fragment of letter dated St. Louis, addressed to “dear sir” (not in William H. Ashley's handwriting), December 26, 1828 Letter of William H. Ashley to dear sir. Appears to be a draft of letter dated January 11, 1829. (2 pages) A0059-00062 1828 [1829?] Jan 1 14 Letter of William H. Ashley to dear sir, January 1828 [1829?] Letter of William H. Ashley to dear sir. Appears to be a draft of letter dated January 11, 1829. (3 pages) A0059-00063 1829 Jan 7 1 14 Letter of William H. Ashley to dear sir, January 7, 1829 Letter signed William H. Ashley, St. Louis, to dear sir. Ashley has sold fur interests to Smith, Jackson and Sublette. Blackfeet Indians causing trouble, supplied by the British with ammunition. (14 pages) A0059-00064 1829 Jan 11 1 14 Letter signed William H. Ashley, St. Louis, to dear sir, January 11, 1829 Fragment of letter begins: “I think that you must agree with me . . .” Describes the country (including the scarcity of game and unpleasant, rainy weather) near mouth of Columbia River, while admitting no personal knowledge of the area. May be a draft of a letter to Thomas Hart Benton. (3 pages) A0059-00065 ca. 1829 Jan 20 1 15 Fragment of letter of William H. Ashley begins: “I think that you must agree with me . . .”, ca. January 20, 1829 Fragment of letter begins: “The government generally will, I suppose, be the first consideration with you . . .” “I am not in possession of all the information necessary to decide whether the establishment of a military post on the coast of the Pacific . . ." May be a draft of a letter to Thomas Hart Benton. (4 pages) A0059-00066 ca. 1829 Jan 20 1 15 Fragment of letter of William H. Ashley begins: “The government generally will, I suppose, be the first consideration with you . . .”, ca. January 20, 1829 Fragment of letter begins: “It seems that this design . . .” Sublette's traders have sold goods to Indians; attacks of Blackfoot Indians on William Tullock, and plunder of furs; need of military force to protect the fur trade. (3 pages) A0059-00067 ca. 1829 Jan 20 1 15 Fragment of letter of William H. Ashley begins: “It seems that this design . . .”, ca. January 20, 1829 Fragment of letter begins: “. . . to the Blackfeet – This fact was communicated . . .” Blackfeet Indian attack; wealth of the Hudson Bay Co. Believed to be fragment of a draft of Ashley's letter to Thomas Hart Benton, January 20, 1829. (3 pages) A0059-00068 ca. 1829 Jan 20 1 15 Fragment of letter of William H. Ashley begins: “. . . to the Blackfeet -- This fact was communicated . . .”, ca. January 20, 1829 Draft of letter (fragment) begins: “When writing to you on the 20th . . .” Rocky Mountain region and military establishment at the mouth of the Columbia River. (2 pages) A0059-00069 ca. 1829 Feb 1 16 Draft of letter (fragment) of William H. Ashley begins: “When writing to you on the 20th . . .”, ca. February 1829 Draft of letter dated Washington begins: “Dear Genl, I arrived here a week ago . . .” Relates to the four draft fragments dated circa March 1829 (see below). Discusses requirements of a military force in the Rocky Mountains. (8 pages) A0059-00070 1829 Feb 23 1 16 Draft of letter of William H. Ashley, Washington, begins: “Dear Genl, I arrived here a week ago . . .”, February 23, 1829 Draft of letter dated Washington City. Draft begins: “Sir, You request me to communicate to you . . .” Discusses requirements of a military force in the Rocky Mountains. (8 pages A0059-00071 1829 Mar 1 17 Draft of letter of William H. Ashley, Washington City, March 1829 Draft of letter, undated (fragment). Draft begins: “The equipage[?] for each horse . . .” Equipment for horses, organization of parties of 60 to 80 men for defense in the Indian country. (4 pages) A0059-00072 No date 1 17 Draft of letter (fragment) of William H. Ashley, no date Draft of letter, undated (fragment). Draft begins: “and acquiring a knowledge of things . . .” Ease of Indian attack, proposes mobile military command, familiar with Indian country. (4 pages) A0059-00073 No date 1 17 Draft of letter (fragment) of William H. Ashley, no date Undated fragment. Draft begins: “In compliance with your request in situation . . .” Descriptions of manner of equipment and moving parties of men through Indian country. (partial leaf, 2 pages) A0059-00074 No date 1 17 Undated fragment of letter of William H. Ashley, draft begins: “In compliance with your request in situation . . .” Draft of letter. Draft begins: “and will not therefore yet commence hostilities . . .” Possibility of Pawnee Indians moving to the head waters of the south branch of the Platte River, to operate with the Arapahos, Kiowas and Blackfoot. Very similar to above fragment, not readily identifiable as Ashley's handwriting but matches that in his diary of 1825. (4 pages) A0059-00075 ca. 1829 Mar 1 18 Draft of letter of William H. Ashley begins: “and will not therefore yet commence hostilities . . .”, ca. March 1829 Draft of letter/notes (fragment). Draft begins: “The several tribes with whom we have intercourse west of the mountains . . .” Estimates numbers of warriors in tribes west of Missouri. (2 pages) A0059-00076 ca. 1829 Mar 1 18 Draft of letter/notes (fragment) of William H. Ashley begins: “The several tribes with whom we have intercourse west of the mountains . . .”, ca. March 1829 Draft of letter/notes (fragment). Draft begins: “. . . the robberies committed on our Sante Fee road . . .” Indian attacks along the Santa Fe road, probably by Arapahos; Major Dougherty's opinions of the Pawnees. (4 pages) A0059-00077 ca. 1829 Mar 1 18 Draft of letter/notes (fragment) of William H. Ashley begins: “. . . the robberies committed on our Sante Fee road . . .”, ca. March 1829 Draft of letter/notes (fragment). Draft begins: “. . . and have no doubt but they are now . . .” Defensive positions, Indians attacks and the British. (2 pages) A0059-00078 ca. 1829 Mar 1 18 Draft of letter/notes (fragment) of William H. Ashley begins: “. . . and have no doubt but they are now . . .”, ca. March 1829 Draft of letter/notes (fragment). Draft begins: “notwithstanding all this I am . . .” Fear of unidentified Indian tribe aligning with the Arapaho and Blackfoot near the head waters of the south branch of the Platte River. (4 pages) A0059-00079 ca. 1829 Mar 1 18 Draft of letter/notes (fragment) of William H. Ashley begins: “notwithstanding all this I am . . .”, ca. March 1829 Draft of letter/notes (fragment). Draft begins: “Mr. Sublette is now in this neighborhood . . .” Sublette preparing for an expedition next spring; operations of the Hudson Bay Co. (2 pages) A0059-00080 ca. 1829 Mar 1 18 Draft of letter/notes (fragment) of William H. Ashley begins: “Mr. Sublette is now in this neighborhood . . .”, ca. March 1829 Draft of letter/notes (fragment). Draft begins: “. . . they have considered at all times hostile to our trade . . .” Attempts to drive Indians from U.S. territory, while British traders supply Blackfoot tribes with arms and ammunition. (2 pages) A0059-00081 ca. 1829 Mar 1 18 Draft of letter/notes (fragment) of William H. Ashley begins: “. . . they have considered at all times hostile to our trade . . .”, ca. March 1829 Draft of letter/notes (fragment). Draft begins: “you request me also to give you . . .” First paragraph regarding movement of parties of men; second a request for patent to be placed on tract of 600 acres, as legal representative of John Jones. (1 leaf, 1 page) A0059-00082 ca. 1829 Mar 1 18 Draft of letter/notes (fragment) of William H. Ashley begins: “you request me also to give you . . .”, ca. March 1829 Draft of letter/notes (fragment). Draft begins: “on the arrival of the party at their camping ground . . .” Using packs as breastworks against night attacks of Indians; grass as supplemental food for horses during the night (in camp); setting up night camp and care of horses. (2 pages) A0059-00083 ca. 1829 Mar 1 18 Draft of letter/notes (fragment) of William H. Ashley begins: “on the arrival of the party at their camping ground . . .”, ca. March 1829 Draft of letters (fragment). Begins: “Dear Sir. We are yet in Washington . . .” Weather in Virginia. (1 page) A0059-00084 1829 Mar 8 1 19 Draft of letter (fragment) of William H. Ashley, March 8, 1829 Draft of letters (fragment). Begins: “at day light (when in a dangerous part of the country). . .” Concerns mounted guards for camps and the creation of breastworks for defense against Indian attack. (3 pages) A0059-00085 1829 Mar 8 1 19 Draft of letter (fragment) of William H. Ashley, March 8, 1829 Draft of letter dated Washington City (fragment). Begins: “Sir, From my first observations in the region of the Rocky Mountains . . .” First four pages appear to be a draft of one letter. Pages 5-7 appear to be a draft of another letter, much like the first draft dated March 1829 (8 pages) (folder 17) A0059-00086 1829 Mar 10 1 19 Draft of letter of William H. Ashley (fragment), Washington City, March 10, 1829 Document signed H.L. Hoffman, H. von Phul. Deed of pew No. 30, Christ Church Cathedral (St. Louis, Missouri), to William H. Ashley, for $125. A0059-00087 1829 Nov 12 1 19 Document signed H.L. Hoffman, H. von Phul, November 12, 1829 Letter signed Thomas Griffin, Fulton, Mo., to General Ashley. Regarding mortgage on slaves and land. A0059-00088 1830 July 7 1 20 Letter signed Thomas Griffin, Fulton, Mo., to General Ashley, July 7, 1830 Letter signed Sp. Pettis [Spencer D. Pettis], Washington, to General William H. Ashley. Letter of introduction for Mr. Luther H. Read of Washington. A0059-00089 1831 Feb 24 1 20 Letter signed Sp. Pettis [Spencer D. Pettis], Washington, to General William H. Ashley, February 24, 1831 Letter signed Edward B. Cabell, Keytesville, to General William H. Ashley. Regarding military bounty lands in Missouri. A0059-00090 1836 Jan 16 1 20 Letter signed Edward B. Cabell, Keytesville, to General William H. Ashley, January 16, 1836 Printed document titled “To the People of Missouri,” dated Washington, signed W.H. Ashley. Reply to a speech made by L.F. Linn, U.S. senator from Missouri on the northern boundary of the state. With envelope addressed in Ashley's writing to George Brackenridge, Washington County, Mo. A0059-00091 1836 Apr 10 1 20 Printed document titled “To the People of Missouri,” Washington, signed W.H. Ashley, April 10, 1836 Letter signed Sophia P. Gregory, Mt. Airy, to General Ashley. Cooper County, Mo. Seeks aid in starting a girl's school. Mentions a letter of introduction from Dr. Woodfolk of St. Louis. A0059-00092 1836 Oct 19 1 20 Letter signed Sophia P. Gregory, Mt. Airy, to General Ashley, Cooper County, Mo., October 19, 1836 Letter signed W.H. Ashley, St. Louis, to Jos. W. Royall, Smithsville, Virginia. Purchase of a house and 80 acres of land; the house to be the more comfortable of the two suggested. (4 pages) A0059-00093 1837 Aug 13 1 21 Letter signed W.H. Ashley, St. Louis, to Jos. W. Royall [Joseph W. Royall], Smithsville, Virginia, August 13, 1837 Letter signed W.H. Ashley, St. Louis, to Jos. W. Royall, Smithsville, Powhatan County, Virginia. Death of Mr. Steiger [Ashley's brother-in-law]; payment of Martha Ashley to sister Steiger. (4 pages) A0059-00094 1837 Dec 6 1 21 Letter signed W.H. Ashley, St. Louis, to Jos. W. Royall [Joseph W. Royall], Smithsville, Powhatan County, Virginia, December 6, 1837 Letter signed W.H. Ashley, St. Louis, to Joseph W. Royall, Smithsville, Powhatan County, Virginia. Asks Royall to execute deed in favor of the two children. (4 pages) A0059-00095 1838 Feb 24 1 21 Letter signed W.H. Ashley, St. Louis, to Joseph W. Royall, Smithsville, Powhatan County, Virginia, February 24, 1838 Letter signed Henry A. Wise, Washington, to Beverly Allen (administrator of Wm. H. Ashley estate), St. Louis, Mo. Bad debt Ashley put into Wise's hands for collection. A0059-00096 1838 Dec 18 1 21 Letter signed Henry A. Wise, Washington, to Beverly Allen (administrator of Wm. H. Ashley estate), St. Louis, Mo., December 18, 1838 Page from account book listing Ashley's debts to Henry Shaw, receipted by Henry Shaw from Ashley's estate. A0059-00097 1839 June 15 1 21 Page from account book listing Ashley's debts to Henry Shaw, receipted by Henry Shaw from Ashley's estate, June 15, 1839 Document signed Beverly Allen. Order to pay Pierre Chouteau for his claim against Ashley’s estate. A0059-00098 1839 Oct 5 1 21 Order to pay Pierre Chouteau for his claim against W.H. Ashley's estate, signed Beverly Allen, October 5, 1839 Map of E[lizabeth] Ashley's mound property, east of Broadway between Biddle and Bates Streets, St. Louis, Mo. (Oversize) A0059-00099 1839 Nov-1840 Feb OS: Ashley-Baker Notes made by Walter B. Douglas on the estate of William Ashley, 1838. (8 pages) A0059-00100 ca. 1909 1 22 Notes made by Walter B. Douglas on the estate of William Ashley (1838), ca. 1909 Reference File Handwritten biographical sketch of William H. Ashley by G.C. Broadhead, with emphasis on the 1823 expedition. (7 pages) A0059-00101 ca. 1920 1 23 Photocopy of newspaper clipping, "Back Trailing on the Old Frontiers," from the Columbus (Ohio) Dispatch . A0059-00102 1922 June 25 1 23 Mimeograph biographical sketch of William H. Ashley. (1 page) A0059-00103 ca. 1925 1 23 Typescript, "Ashley and His Men," taken from The History of the American Fur Trade of the Far West , Vol. I, Chapter XV, “The Rocky Mountain Fur Company.” (3 pages) A0059-00104 ca. 1935 1 23 Typescript biography of William H. Ashley, based on Houck's History of Missouri , Vol. 3. Issued by the Missouri Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution. (1 page) A0059-00105 1938 May 5 1 23 Typescript genealogy notes on William H. Ashley. (1 page) A0059-00106 ca. 1950 1 23 "William H. Ashley, Land Speculator," by Martin M. Love. Reprinted from The Western Historical Quarterly , Vol. VI, No. 2. A0059-00107 1975 Apr 1 23